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Why did Swedish regional net migration rates fall in the 1970s? The role of policy changes versus structural change, 1945–1985

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  • Jakob Molinder

Abstract

The relationship between local labour market conditions and regional migration has been widely discussed within research. In Sweden, where interregional migration reached a peak in the 1960s but decreased substantially in the 1970s, the role of economic policy has been especially contended in light of the Swedish model and its official stress on regional mobility. By collecting and creating a new and unique dataset on net-migration, vacancy rates, employment and labour income by county, the pattern of interregional migration in Sweden is analysed over a period of time that also covers the early postwar period (1945–1985), allowing for a detailed evaluation of the drivers of migration at different times. My results suggest that there was no significant change over time in the responsiveness of migration to local labour market conditions. The changing patterns of regional migration were therefore more likely the result of changes in the pace and direction of structural change. I discuss the implications of these results for previous accounts of the Swedish model and of the decline in migration after 1970.

Suggested Citation

  • Jakob Molinder, 2018. "Why did Swedish regional net migration rates fall in the 1970s? The role of policy changes versus structural change, 1945–1985," Scandinavian Economic History Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 66(1), pages 91-115, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:sehrxx:v:66:y:2018:i:1:p:91-115
    DOI: 10.1080/03585522.2018.1433228
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    Cited by:

    1. Panshin I.V. & Markhaichuk M.M. & Yares O.B., 2019. "Interregional Labor Migration as a Tool to Increase Regional Labor Productivity: The Case of Russia," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(Special 1), pages 125-137.

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