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A new comparative model for national innovation systems based on machine learning classification techniques

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  • Ibrahim Alnafrah
  • Bassel Zeno

Abstract

This study aims to cluster and classify national innovation systems (NISs) dynamically based on analysing the structural differences among NISs’ dimensions. This study provides a tool that will help policymakers monitor the process of building and development NIS.Regarding the methodology, machine learning classification and clustering techniques were used, in which clusters represent three level of development: high, medium and low NISs’ clusters.The empirical study includes 36 indicators from 54 countries over 29 years (1980–2008), which are divided into six groups, that represent the different NISs’ dimensions.The results of clustering show a high level of similarity between clusters and the economic and innovation reality in studied countries. Moreover, the results of classification models indicate a high level of accuracy. These models are considered a good tool for monitoring the development process of NIS and enabling policymakers to improve their innovation strategies to accelerate NIS’s development process.

Suggested Citation

  • Ibrahim Alnafrah & Bassel Zeno, 2020. "A new comparative model for national innovation systems based on machine learning classification techniques," Innovation and Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 45-66, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:riadxx:v:10:y:2020:i:1:p:45-66
    DOI: 10.1080/2157930X.2018.1564124
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    Cited by:

    1. Martina Halaskova & Beata Gavurova & Kristina Kocisova, 2020. "Research and Development Efficiency in Public and Private Sectors: An Empirical Analysis of EU Countries by Using DEA Methodology," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(17), pages 1-22, August.
    2. Olga A. Chernova & Lyudmila G. Matveeva & Galina V. Gorelova, 2021. "An ecosystem approach to managing innovative development in industry," Journal of New Economy, Ural State University of Economics, vol. 22(2), pages 44-65, July.

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