IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Local Entrepreneurship in Context


  • David B. Audretsch
  • Oliver Falck
  • Maryann P. Feldman
  • Stephan Heblich


Audretsch D. B., Falck O., Feldman M. P. and Heblich S. Local entrepreneurship in context, Regional Studies . This paper posits that regions provide locational factors which determine the industry structure and with it entrepreneurial opportunities whose exploitation influences regional dynamics. To test this interrelation between regional characteristics and entrepreneurial activities, seventy-four West German regions were classified by their endowments with locational factors. The local employees' group-specific propensity to start a business within the framework of count data models was then analysed. The empirical results suggest the distinct existence of entrepreneurial regional regimes, where local employees have a high propensity to start a business, and routinized regional regimes, with a lower propensity to generate local entrepreneurial activity. Audretsch D. B., Falck O., Feldman M. P. et Heblich S. La relativisation de l'esprit d'entreprise local, Regional Studies . Cet article affirme que les régions fournissent des facteurs de localisation qui déterminent la structure industrielle et aussi des possibilités entrepreneuriales, dont l'exploitation influe sur la dynamique régionale. Afin de tester l'interrelation entre les caractéristiques régionales et les activités entrepreneuriales, on a classé soixante-quatorze zones situées dans l'ouest de l'Allemagne en fonction de leur dotation en facteurs de localisation. La propensité d'un groupe particulier de salariés locaux à lancer une affaire dans le cadre des modèles de données chiffrées se voit analyser. Les résultats empiriques laissent supposer la présence indéniable de régimes régionales entrepreneuriales où la propensité des salariés locaux à lancer une affaire s'avère élevée, et de régimes régionales systématisées dont la propensité à créer de l'activité entrepreneuriale locale s'avère moins élevée. Esprit d'entreprise local Facteurs de localisation Modèles de données chiffrées Audretsch D. B., Falck O., Feldman M. P. und Heblich S. Lokales Unternehmertum im Kontext, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag wird die These aufgestellt, dass Regionen Standortfaktoren bieten, die für die Branchenstruktur und damit auch die unternehmerischen Chancen maßgeblich sind, deren Nutzung sich auf die regionale Dynamik auswirkt. Um diese Wechselbeziehungen zwischen regionalen Merkmalen und unternehmerischen Aktivitäten zu untersuchen, wurden 74 westdeutsche Regionen hinsichtlich ihrer Ausstattung mit Standortfaktoren untersucht. Anschließend wurde im Rahmen von Zähldatenmodellen die gruppenspezifische Neigung der lokalen Arbeitnehmer zur Gründung von Firmen analysiert. Die empirischen Ergebnisse legen den Schluss nahe, dass unternehmerische Regionalregime, in denen die lokalen Arbeitnehmer eine hohe Neigung zur Firmengründung aufweisen, und routinierte Regionalregime mit einer geringeren Neigung zu lokaler unternehmerischer Tätigkeit getrennt voneinander existieren. Lokales Unternehmertum Standortfaktoren Zähldatenmodelle Audretsch D. B., Falck O., Feldman M. P. y Heblich S. El empresariado local en contexto, Regional Studies . En este artículo proponemos que las regiones ofrecen factores de ubicación que determinan la estructura de la industria y a la vez oportunidades empresariales cuya explotación influye en las dinámicas regionales. Para comprobar la interrelación entre las características regionales y las actividades empresariales se analizaron las dotaciones con factores de ubicación de setenta y cuatro regiones de Alemania del Oeste. Luego analizamos la predisposición de grupos específicos de empleados locales para empezar un negocio en el marco de los modelos de datos de recuento. Los resultados empíricos indican que existen, por separado, regímenes regionales empresariales donde los empleados locales tienen una alta predisposición a empezar un negocio y regímenes regionales transformados en rutina con una predisposición menor a generar actividad empresarial local. Empresariado local Factores de ubicación Modelos de datos de recuento

Suggested Citation

  • David B. Audretsch & Oliver Falck & Maryann P. Feldman & Stephan Heblich, 2012. "Local Entrepreneurship in Context," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 379-389, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:3:p:379-389
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.490209

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version below or search for a different version of it.

    Other versions of this item:


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Sandra Buercher, Antoine Habersetzer, Heike Mayer, 2015. "Entrepreneurship in Peripheral Regions: A Relational Perspective," Diskussionsschriften credresearchpaper06, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft - CRED.
    2. repec:iab:iabdpa:201818 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Eickelpasch Alexander & Hirte Georg & Stephan Andreas, 2016. "Firms’ Evaluation of Location Quality: Evidence from East Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 236(2), pages 241-273, March.
    4. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9871-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:1:p:139-157 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Aaron Chatterji & Edward Glaeser & William Kerr, 2014. "Clusters of Entrepreneurship and Innovation," Innovation Policy and the Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 14(1), pages 129-166.
    7. Ejaz Ghani & William R. Kerr & Stephen O'Connell, 2014. "Spatial Determinants of Entrepreneurship in India," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(6), pages 1071-1089, June.
    8. repec:kap:sbusec:v:50:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9886-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:kap:jtecht:v:43:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10961-017-9581-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Christian Hundt & Rolf Sternberg, 2016. "Explaining new firm creation in Europe from a spatial and time perspective: A multilevel analysis based upon data of individuals, regions and countries," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(2), pages 223-257, June.
    11. Darja Reuschke & Maarten van Ham, 2013. "Testing the ‘residential rootedness’ hypothesis of self-employment for Germany and the UK," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 45(5), pages 1219-1239, May.
    12. Franz Kronthaler & Katharina Becker & Kerstin Wagner, 2012. "Combination of regional characteristics for start-up activity in Switzerland," ERSA conference papers ersa12p90, European Regional Science Association.
    13. Darja Reuschke, 2011. "Self-Employment and Geographical Mobility in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 417, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    14. Roberta Capello & Camilla Lenzi, 2016. "Innovation modes and entrepreneurial behavioral characteristics in regional growth," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 47(4), pages 875-893, December.
    15. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9866-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Alessandra Colombelli & Francesco Quatraro, 2013. "New Firm Formation and the properties of local knowledge bases: Evidence from Italian NUTS 3 regions," Working Papers hal-00858989, HAL.
    17. Michael Fritsch & Sandra Kublina, 2015. "Entrepreneurship,Growth, Regional Growth Regimes," Jena Economic Research Papers 2015-002, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    18. Ben Spigel, 2013. "Bourdieuian approaches to the geography of entrepreneurial cultures," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(9-10), pages 804-818, December.
    19. repec:spr:anresc:v:59:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s00168-017-0819-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Ghani, Ejaz & Kerr, William R. & O'Connell, Stephen D., 2012. "What makes cities more competitive ? spatial determinants of entrepreneurship in India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6198, The World Bank.
    21. Sari Pekkala Kerr & William R. Kerr & Tina Xu, 2017. "Personality Traits of Entrepreneurs: A Review of Recent Literature," NBER Working Papers 24097, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    22. Iréne Bernhard, 2016. "Innovation focusing on regional development in a European context - towards a new research agenda," International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 7(1), pages 1-19.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:3:p:379-389. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.