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Local Entrepreneurship in Context

Author

Listed:
  • David B. Audretsch
  • Oliver Falck
  • Maryann P. Feldman
  • Stephan Heblich

Abstract

Audretsch D. B., Falck O., Feldman M. P. and Heblich S. Local entrepreneurship in context, Regional Studies . This paper posits that regions provide locational factors which determine the industry structure and with it entrepreneurial opportunities whose exploitation influences regional dynamics. To test this interrelation between regional characteristics and entrepreneurial activities, seventy-four West German regions were classified by their endowments with locational factors. The local employees' group-specific propensity to start a business within the framework of count data models was then analysed. The empirical results suggest the distinct existence of entrepreneurial regional regimes, where local employees have a high propensity to start a business, and routinized regional regimes, with a lower propensity to generate local entrepreneurial activity. Audretsch D. B., Falck O., Feldman M. P. et Heblich S. La relativisation de l'esprit d'entreprise local, Regional Studies . Cet article affirme que les régions fournissent des facteurs de localisation qui déterminent la structure industrielle et aussi des possibilités entrepreneuriales, dont l'exploitation influe sur la dynamique régionale. Afin de tester l'interrelation entre les caractéristiques régionales et les activités entrepreneuriales, on a classé soixante-quatorze zones situées dans l'ouest de l'Allemagne en fonction de leur dotation en facteurs de localisation. La propensité d'un groupe particulier de salariés locaux à lancer une affaire dans le cadre des modèles de données chiffrées se voit analyser. Les résultats empiriques laissent supposer la présence indéniable de régimes régionales entrepreneuriales où la propensité des salariés locaux à lancer une affaire s'avère élevée, et de régimes régionales systématisées dont la propensité à créer de l'activité entrepreneuriale locale s'avère moins élevée. Esprit d'entreprise local Facteurs de localisation Modèles de données chiffrées Audretsch D. B., Falck O., Feldman M. P. und Heblich S. Lokales Unternehmertum im Kontext, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag wird die These aufgestellt, dass Regionen Standortfaktoren bieten, die für die Branchenstruktur und damit auch die unternehmerischen Chancen maßgeblich sind, deren Nutzung sich auf die regionale Dynamik auswirkt. Um diese Wechselbeziehungen zwischen regionalen Merkmalen und unternehmerischen Aktivitäten zu untersuchen, wurden 74 westdeutsche Regionen hinsichtlich ihrer Ausstattung mit Standortfaktoren untersucht. Anschließend wurde im Rahmen von Zähldatenmodellen die gruppenspezifische Neigung der lokalen Arbeitnehmer zur Gründung von Firmen analysiert. Die empirischen Ergebnisse legen den Schluss nahe, dass unternehmerische Regionalregime, in denen die lokalen Arbeitnehmer eine hohe Neigung zur Firmengründung aufweisen, und routinierte Regionalregime mit einer geringeren Neigung zu lokaler unternehmerischer Tätigkeit getrennt voneinander existieren. Lokales Unternehmertum Standortfaktoren Zähldatenmodelle Audretsch D. B., Falck O., Feldman M. P. y Heblich S. El empresariado local en contexto, Regional Studies . En este artículo proponemos que las regiones ofrecen factores de ubicación que determinan la estructura de la industria y a la vez oportunidades empresariales cuya explotación influye en las dinámicas regionales. Para comprobar la interrelación entre las características regionales y las actividades empresariales se analizaron las dotaciones con factores de ubicación de setenta y cuatro regiones de Alemania del Oeste. Luego analizamos la predisposición de grupos específicos de empleados locales para empezar un negocio en el marco de los modelos de datos de recuento. Los resultados empíricos indican que existen, por separado, regímenes regionales empresariales donde los empleados locales tienen una alta predisposición a empezar un negocio y regímenes regionales transformados en rutina con una predisposición menor a generar actividad empresarial local. Empresariado local Factores de ubicación Modelos de datos de recuento

Suggested Citation

  • David B. Audretsch & Oliver Falck & Maryann P. Feldman & Stephan Heblich, 2012. "Local Entrepreneurship in Context," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 379-389, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:3:p:379-389
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.490209
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    1. repec:zbw:espost:162764 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Darja Reuschke, 2011. "Self-Employment and Geographical Mobility in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 417, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. Roberta Capello & Camilla Lenzi, 2016. "Innovation modes and entrepreneurial behavioral characteristics in regional growth," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 47(4), pages 875-893, December.
    4. Eickelpasch Alexander & Hirte Georg & Stephan Andreas, 2016. "Firms’ Evaluation of Location Quality: Evidence from East Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 236(2), pages 241-273, March.
    5. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9871-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9866-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:1:p:139-157 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Aaron Chatterji & Edward Glaeser & William Kerr, 2014. "Clusters of Entrepreneurship and Innovation," Innovation Policy and the Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 14(1), pages 129-166.
    9. Alessandra Colombelli & Francesco Quatraro, 2013. "New Firm Formation and the properties of local knowledge bases: Evidence from Italian NUTS 3 regions," Working Papers hal-00858989, HAL.
    10. Darja Reuschke & Maarten van Ham, 2013. "Testing the ‘residential rootedness’ hypothesis of self-employment for Germany and the UK," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 45(5), pages 1219-1239, May.
    11. Michael Fritsch & Sandra Kublina, 2015. "Entrepreneurship,Growth, Regional Growth Regimes," Jena Economic Research Papers 2015-002, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    12. repec:kap:sbusec:v:50:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9886-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Ben Spigel, 2013. "Bourdieuian approaches to the geography of entrepreneurial cultures," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(9-10), pages 804-818, December.
    14. repec:spr:anresc:v:59:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s00168-017-0819-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Ghani, Ejaz & Kerr, William R. & O'Connell, Stephen D., 2012. "What makes cities more competitive ? spatial determinants of entrepreneurship in India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6198, The World Bank.
    16. repec:kap:jtecht:v:43:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10961-017-9581-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Sari Pekkala Kerr & William R. Kerr & Tina Xu, 2017. "Personality Traits of Entrepreneurs: A Review of Recent Literature," NBER Working Papers 24097, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Christian Hundt & Rolf Sternberg, 2016. "Explaining new firm creation in Europe from a spatial and time perspective: A multilevel analysis based upon data of individuals, regions and countries," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(2), pages 223-257, June.
    19. Iréne Bernhard, 2016. "Innovation focusing on regional development in a European context - towards a new research agenda," International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 7(1), pages 1-19.
    20. Franz Kronthaler & Katharina Becker & Kerstin Wagner, 2012. "Combination of regional characteristics for start-up activity in Switzerland," ERSA conference papers ersa12p90, European Regional Science Association.

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