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Spatial Divisions of Welfare: The Geography of Welfare Benefit Expenditure and of Housing Benefit in Britain

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  • Chris Hamnett

Abstract

Hamnett C. Spatial divisions of welfare: the geography of welfare benefit expenditure and of housing benefit in Britain, Regional Studies. This paper examines the structure of state welfare expenditure in Britain. It argues that the geography of state welfare expenditure and its impacts have been relatively neglected given their importance in terms of state expenditure, regional distribution and spatial equality. It shows that welfare spending is a key component of government expenditure and that it has a distinct regional and local geography. The paper shows that there are distinct differences in the geographical incidence of different welfare benefits, some of which function to redistribute income from the South to the North of Britain and it focuses on the geography of housing benefit as an example of what has been termed 'spatial divisions of welfare'. [image omitted] Hamnett C. Les ecarts geographiques de l'aide sociale: la geographie des prestations sociales et des allocations logement en Grande-Bretagne, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a examiner la structure des prestations sociales en Grande-Bretagne. On affirme que, toutes proportions gardees, on a prete peu d'attention a la geographie des prestations sociales et a ses retombees, etant donne leur importance par rapport aux depenses publiques, a la distribution regionale et a l'equilibre territorial. On laisse voir que les prestations sociales constituent un element cle des depenses publiques et qu'elles ont des geographies regionale et locale particulieres. On montre qu'il existe des differences sensibles entre les frequences geographiques des diverses prestations sociales, dont certaines sont destinees a redistribuer le revenu du Sud de l'Angleterre au Nord. L'article porte sur la geographie des allocations logement comme exemple de ce qu'on appelle 'les ecarts geographiques de l'aide sociale'. Politique en faveur de l'aide sociale Allocation logement Ecarts geographiques de l'aide sociale Royaume-Uni Prestations sociales Hamnett C. Raumliche Aufteilungen der Sozialleistungen: die Geografie der Sozialausgaben und des Wohngeldes in Grossbritannien, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag wird die Struktur der offentlichen Sozialausgaben in Grossbritannien untersucht. Es wird argumentiert, dass die Geografie der offentlichen Sozialausgaben und ihre Auswirkungen bisher eher vernachlassigt wurden, wenn man berucksichtigt, welche Rolle ihnen hinsichtlich der staatlichen Ausgaben, regionalen Verteilung und raumlichen Gleichheit zukommt. Es wird gezeigt, dass die Sozialausgaben eine zentrale Komponente der staatlichen Ausgaben darstellen und eine deutlich regionale und lokale Geografie aufweisen. Ebenso wird gezeigt, dass es klare Unterschiede hinsichtlich der geografischen Inzidenz verschiedener Sozialleistungen gibt; einige dieser Leistungen haben die Funktion einer Umverteilung des Einkommens vom Suden in den Norden Grossbritanniens. Als Beispiel fur die so bezeichneten “raumlichen Aufteilungen der Sozialleistungen” wird die Geografie der Zahlung von Wohnungsgeld untersucht. Sozialpolitik Wohnungsgeld Raumliche Aufteilungen der Sozialleistungen Grossbritannien Sozialausgaben Hamnett C. Divisiones espaciales del bienestar: la geografia de gastos en prestaciones sociales y subsidios para. la vivienda en el Reino Unido, Regional Studies. En este articulo examino la estructura de los gastos en prestaciones sociales en el Reino Unido. Sostengo que la geografia de los gastos estatales del bienestar y sus repercusiones han sido relativamente ignoradas dada su importancia en cuanto al gasto estatal, la distribucion regional y la igualdad espacial. Demuestro que el gasto del bienestar es un componente clave del gasto estatal y que tiene una geografia regional y local distintiva. Demuestro que existen claras diferencias en la incidencia geografica de los distintos beneficios del bienestar y algunos de los cuales funcionan para. redistribuir los ingresos del sur al norte de Gran Bretana. Luego me centro en la geografia de las prestaciones para la vivienda como un ejemplo de lo que ha venido a denominarse las 'divisiones espaciales del bienestar'. Politica del bienestar Prestaciones para la vivienda Divisiones espaciales del bienestar Reino Unido Gasto social

Suggested Citation

  • Chris Hamnett, 2009. "Spatial Divisions of Welfare: The Geography of Welfare Benefit Expenditure and of Housing Benefit in Britain," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(8), pages 1015-1033.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:8:p:1015-1033
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400802093813
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Vassilis Tselios, 2012. "Welfare Regimes and the Incentives to Work and Get Educated," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 44(1), pages 125-149, January.
    2. Wong, Sandy, 2016. "Geographies of medicalized welfare: Spatial analysis of supplemental security income in the U.S., 2000–2010," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 160(C), pages 9-19.

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