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Economic Reforms and Regional Segmentation in Rural China


  • Shujie Yao
  • Jirui Liu


YAO S. and L IU J. (1998) Economic reforms and regional segmentation in rural China, Reg. Studies 32, 735-746. Strong growth in agriculture, industries and services in rural China over the last 18 years has been accompanied by increased spatial income inequality. This paper investigates how reforms and rapid economic growth have resulted in such a regional divide. It concludes that government policy and uneven development of non-farm activities are major factors to blame, pointing out that rather than allowing massive migration, creating jobs for people is a better long term strategy to reduce regional inequality. YAO S. et L IU J. (1998) Les reformes economiques et la segmentation regionale dans la Chine rurale, Reg. Studies 32, 735-746. Au cours des dix-huit dernieres annees, la croissance forte de l'agriculture, des industries et des services dans la Chine rurale est allee de pair avec des ecarts de revenu geographiques de plus en plus importants. Cet article examine comment les reformes et l'essor economique ont entra L ne une telle opposition regionale. En guise de conclusion on affirme que la politique du gouvernement et le developpement desequilibre des activites non-agricoles sont des facteurs determinants non-negligeables, et on indique que la creation d'emplois est une meilleure strategie a long terme que ne l'est l'exode rural pour reduire les inegalites regionales. YAO S. und L IU J. (1998) Wirtschaftsformen und regionale Untergliederung in landlichen Gebieten Chinas, Reg. Studies 32, 735-746. In den letzten achtzehn Jahren wurde in den la ¨ndlichen Gebieten Chinas kra ¨ftiges Wachstum in Landwirtschaft, Industrie und Dienstleistungen von zunehmender, ra ¨umlich bestimmter Ungleichheit der Einkommen begleitet. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht, wie Reformen und rasches wirtschaftliches Wachstum zu solch einer regionalen Kluft gefu ¨hrt haben. Er folgert, dass Regierungspolitik und ungleichmassige Entwicklung nicht-landwirtschaftlicher Tatigkeiten als Hauptfaktoren dafu ¨r verantwortlich zu machen sind, indem er darauf hinweist, dass, statt Wanderung im grossen Rahmen zu gestatten, Arbeitsbeschaffung fu ¨r die Bevolkerung auf lange Sicht gesehen eine bessere Strategie zur Behebung regionaler Ungleichheiten ist.

Suggested Citation

  • Shujie Yao & Jirui Liu, 1998. "Economic Reforms and Regional Segmentation in Rural China," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(8), pages 735-746.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:32:y:1998:i:8:p:735-746 DOI: 10.1080/00343409850119427

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fröbel,Folker & Heinrichs,Jürgen & Kreye,Otto, 1981. "The New International Division of Labour," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521287203, March.
    2. Hans-Werner Sinn & Alfons J. Weichenrieder, 1997. "Foreign direct investment, political resentment and the privatization process in eastern Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 12(24), pages 177-210, April.
    3. David Lipton & Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1990. "Creating a Market Economy in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 21(1), pages 75-148.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wei, Shang-Jin & Wu, Yi, 2001. "Globalization and Inequality: Evidence from within China," CEPR Discussion Papers 3088, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Shankar, Raja & Shah, Anwar, 2003. "Bridging the Economic Divide Within Countries: A Scorecard on the Performance of Regional Policies in Reducing Regional Income Disparities," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(8), pages 1421-1441, August.
    3. Chen, Shunlong & Arun, Thankom G., 2004. "Openness, Technological Capabilities and Regional Disparities in China," Centre on Regulation and Competition (CRC) Working papers 30622, University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM).
    4. Fu, Xiaolan, 2004. "Limited linkages from growth engines and regional disparities in China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 148-164, March.


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