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Cost efficiency analysis in banking industries of ten Asian countries and regions


  • Zhi Shen
  • Hailin Liao
  • Thomas Weyman-Jones


Despite the great achievement of three decades of economic reform, the Chinese banking sector takes the blame for its dysfunctional system, especially the large amount of non-performing loans. The ease of foreign banks' entry set by the WTO from December 2007 raises our concern of the capability of domestic banks to compete against foreign Asian banks. This study attempts to address this issue by measuring the cost efficiency of ten major Asian banking industries from 1998 to 2005 using panel data stochastic frontier approaches. Based on our preferred consistent panel data estimating models, the higher cost efficiency score from including cross-country environmental variables suggests that differences between countries can explain part of the inefficiency. We also find that the overall cost efficiency level of Chinese commercial banks ranks in the fifth place, suggesting that Chinese banks still need to strengthen their ability in competition. Some policy implications are also suggested.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhi Shen & Hailin Liao & Thomas Weyman-Jones, 2009. "Cost efficiency analysis in banking industries of ten Asian countries and regions," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(2), pages 199-218.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jocebs:v:7:y:2009:i:2:p:199-218
    DOI: 10.1080/14765280902847734

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    Cited by:

    1. Francesco Aiello & Graziella Bonanno, 2018. "On The Sources Of Heterogeneity In Banking Efficiency Literature," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(1), pages 194-225, February.
    2. Francesco Aiello & Graziella Bonanno, 2016. "Efficiency in banking: a meta-regression analysis," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(1), pages 112-149, January.
    3. repec:taf:eurjfi:v:24:y:2018:i:2:p:135-156 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Kent Matthews & Zhiguo Xiao & Xu Zhang, 2009. "Rational Cost Inefficiency in Chinese Banks," Working Papers 292009, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    5. Hidemichi Fujii & Shunsuke Managi & Roman Matousek & Aarti Rughoo, 2018. "Bank efficiency, productivity, and convergence in EU countries: a weighted Russell directional distance model," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(2), pages 135-156, January.


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