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A Valid Matérn Class of Cross-Covariance Functions for Multivariate Random Fields With Any Number of Components


  • Tatiyana V. Apanasovich
  • Marc G. Genton
  • Ying Sun


We introduce a valid parametric family of cross-covariance functions for multivariate spatial random fields where each component has a covariance function from a well-celebrated Matérn class. Unlike previous attempts, our model indeed allows for various smoothnesses and rates of correlation decay for any number of vector components. We present the conditions on the parameter space that result in valid models with varying degrees of complexity. We discuss practical implementations, including reparameterizations to reflect the conditions on the parameter space and an iterative algorithm to increase the computational efficiency. We perform various Monte Carlo simulation experiments to explore the performances of our approach in terms of estimation and cokriging. The application of the proposed multivariate Matérn model is illustrated on two meteorological datasets: temperature/pressure over the Pacific Northwest (bivariate) and wind/temperature/pressure in Oklahoma (trivariate). In the latter case, our flexible trivariate Matérn model is valid and yields better predictive scores compared with a parsimonious model with common scale parameters.

Suggested Citation

  • Tatiyana V. Apanasovich & Marc G. Genton & Ying Sun, 2012. "A Valid Matérn Class of Cross-Covariance Functions for Multivariate Random Fields With Any Number of Components," Journal of the American Statistical Association, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 107(497), pages 180-193, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jnlasa:v:107:y:2012:i:497:p:180-193
    DOI: 10.1080/01621459.2011.643197

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    Cited by:

    1. Jun, Mikyoung, 2014. "Matérn-based nonstationary cross-covariance models for global processes," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 134-146.
    2. Sara López-Pintado & Ying Sun & Juan Lin & Marc Genton, 2014. "Simplicial band depth for multivariate functional data," Advances in Data Analysis and Classification, Springer;German Classification Society - Gesellschaft für Klassifikation (GfKl);Japanese Classification Society (JCS);Classification and Data Analysis Group of the Italian Statistical Society (CLADAG);International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS), vol. 8(3), pages 321-338, September.
    3. Moreno Bevilacqua & Alfredo Alegria & Daira Velandia & Emilio Porcu, 2016. "Composite Likelihood Inference for Multivariate Gaussian Random Fields," Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics, Springer;The International Biometric Society;American Statistical Association, vol. 21(3), pages 448-469, September.
    4. Kleiber, William & Nychka, Douglas, 2012. "Nonstationary modeling for multivariate spatial processes," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 76-91.
    5. M. Bevilacqua & A. Fassò & C. Gaetan & E. Porcu & D. Velandia, 2016. "Covariance tapering for multivariate Gaussian random fields estimation," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 25(1), pages 21-37, March.
    6. Moreno Bevilacqua & Ronny Vallejos & Daira Velandia, 2015. "Assessing the significance of the correlation between the components of a bivariate Gaussian random field," Environmetrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(8), pages 545-556, December.
    7. repec:eee:stapro:v:130:y:2017:i:c:p:115-119 is not listed on IDEAS

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