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Co-operation and the urban environment: An exploration


  • P. B. Anand


Many urban environmental problems (such as littering of streets) arise from the open access character of the resource concerned and can be analysed in the framework of co-operation. Studies in the context of rural commons have indicated that though seeming to be violating a narrow definition of rationality, people do cooperate. This paper attempts to explore some issues in the context of the urban environment, focusing on solid waste management in Madras, India, and a co-operation based institution called Exnora. A number of hypotheses on the conditions affecting co-operation are examined. While group size may be relevant for costs, it does not have any impact on co-operation. The management style of committees and economies of scope seem to be important.

Suggested Citation

  • P. B. Anand, 2000. "Co-operation and the urban environment: An exploration," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(5), pages 30-58.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:36:y:2000:i:5:p:30-58
    DOI: 10.1080/00220380008422645

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    Cited by:

    1. Benno Torgler & Maria A. Garcia-Valinas & Alison Macintyre, 2012. "Justifiability of Littering: An Empirical Investigation," Environmental Values, White Horse Press, vol. 21(2), pages 209-231, May.
    2. Ramos Joao & Torgler Benno, 2012. "Are Academics Messy? Testing the Broken Windows Theory with a Field Experiment in the Work Environment," Review of Law & Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 8(3), pages 563-577, December.
    3. Mahadevia, Darshini., 2012. "Decent work in Ahmedabad an integrated approach," ILO Working Papers 994702783402676, International Labour Organization.
    4. P. B. Anand, 2003. "From conflict to co-operation: some design issues for local collective action institutions in cities," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 231-243.
    5. repec:ilo:ilowps:470278 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Torgler, Benno & Garcia-Valinas, Maria A. & Macintyre, Alison, 2008. "Justifiability of Littering: An Empirical Investigation," Natural Resources Management Working Papers 42147, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).

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