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An Extended Input-Output Model on Education and the Shortfall of Human Capital in China


  • Hongxia Zhang
  • Xikang Chen


This paper proposes an extended input-output model on education. Production is divided into two subsystems, the education sector and the non-education sector. The education sector is reflected by both 'monetary flows' and 'student flows.' Second, static and dynamic extended input-output models, including human capital production and allocation, are built. Third, the 1999 Chinese extended input-output table on education is compiled. Based on this table, the relation between human capital production and national economic development is analyzed. In particular, it is found that too few university graduates are 'produced', while a surplus of young people with only primary-school education go into industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Hongxia Zhang & Xikang Chen, 2008. "An Extended Input-Output Model on Education and the Shortfall of Human Capital in China," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(2), pages 205-221.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:ecsysr:v:20:y:2008:i:2:p:205-221
    DOI: 10.1080/09535310802075414

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    Cited by:

    1. Hawkins, Jacob & Ma, Chunbo & Schilizzi, Steven & Zhang, Fan, 2015. "Promises and pitfalls in environmentally extended input–output analysis for China: A survey of the literature," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 81-88.


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