IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Northern Forest Canoe Trail: economic impacts and implications for community development


  • Noah Pollock
  • Lisa Chase
  • Clare Ginger
  • Jane Kolodinsky


Recreation is increasingly promoted as a sustainable means of diversifying rural economies, yet few studies have explored how the characteristics of a recreational activity and its economic impact can vary significantly between communities. This research examined the economic impact of paddler recreation in six communities along the Northern Forest Canoe Trail. Results indicate that approximately 90,000 visitors paddled the waterways in 2006. Their spending created $12 million in economic impacts, supporting about 280 jobs. However, economic impacts varied considerably between communities, due to differences in the number of users, trip lengths, lodging choices, group size, travel distances, and use of outfitters. This finding suggests that, while expenditures by visitors may help diversify local economies, community development practitioners and land managers must be cognizant of the conditions that facilitate visitor use and spending to ensure that potential economic benefits contribute positively to community development.

Suggested Citation

  • Noah Pollock & Lisa Chase & Clare Ginger & Jane Kolodinsky, 2011. "The Northern Forest Canoe Trail: economic impacts and implications for community development," Community Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(2), pages 244-258, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:comdev:v:43:y:2011:i:2:p:244-258
    DOI: 10.1080/15575330.2011.583354

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Blank, Uel & Simonson, Lawrence R., 1982. "Recreational Resource Use: Who Gains? Who Pays? The Crow Wing Canoe Trail Case," Staff Papers 13395, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Nagler, Amy M. & Bastian, Christopher T. & Taylor, David T. & Foulke, Thomas K., 2013. "Community Economic Contributions from Recreational Trails Usage on Public Lands: Implications from a Comprehensive Wyoming Case Study," Western Economics Forum, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 12(2), pages 1-11.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Blank, Uel, 1982. "Duluth-Superior'S Tourism-Travel Economy," Staff Papers 14238, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
    2. Blank, Uel & Maki, Wilbur R. & Novak, Kathleen M., 1982. "Decision Systems Research For The Tourism/Recreation Industry," Staff Papers 13570, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:comdev:v:43:y:2011:i:2:p:244-258. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Chris Longhurst (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.