IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Large-scale Disasters on World Heritage and Cultural Heritage in Japan: Significant Impacts and Sustainable Management Cases


  • Kunie Sugio


On 11 March 2011, the East Japan Great Earthquake occurred off the east coast of Japan. This magnitude 9 earthquake caused a tsunami of 8-9 m in height, which subsequently reached an upstream height of up to 40 m, causing extensive damage over a 500-km span along the east coast of Japan. Damage was caused to 295 National Cultural Properties of Japan, most of which was due to the associated tsunamis rather than the earthquake. Particularly, significant damage was seen in the coastal cultural landscapes. In addition, Japan has extremely large typhoons every year. In recent years, it has not been unusual to see typhoon-caused storms, heavy rains and flooding, causing intensive damage such as landslides to World Heritage properties and their buffer zones. Such damage is seen in the pilgrimage routes of the "Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range" and in the natural elements of their associated cultural landscapes. The author presents a report on the damage from the East Japan Great Earthquake and other disasters on World Heritage and cultural heritage, and on their increasing occurrence in Japan. A discussion on remedial measures and the need for sustainable protection and management for World Heritage and other significant heritage is included.

Suggested Citation

  • Kunie Sugio, 2015. "Large-scale Disasters on World Heritage and Cultural Heritage in Japan: Significant Impacts and Sustainable Management Cases," Landscape Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(6), pages 748-758, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:clarxx:v:40:y:2015:i:6:p:748-758
    DOI: 10.1080/01426397.2015.1057806

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:clarxx:v:40:y:2015:i:6:p:748-758. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.