IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Untangling government, market, and investment failure during the Nigerian oil boom: the Cement Armada scandal 1974–1980


  • Hanaan Marwah


The ‘Cement Armada’ was a major Nigerian government scandal which culminated in hundreds of cement-laden ships arriving en masse at Lagos, creating severe multi-year-long port congestion during the height of the 1970s oil boom. In spite of the scale of the scandal, its causes and consequences have received little attention from scholars. This article presents new research which suggests the Armada was one of several contributing factors to the extraordinary inflation in the price of construction during period. It places the scandal in the context of debates about corruption, organisational failure and a ‘resource curse’ in Nigeria.

Suggested Citation

  • Hanaan Marwah, 2020. "Untangling government, market, and investment failure during the Nigerian oil boom: the Cement Armada scandal 1974–1980," Business History, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 62(4), pages 566-587, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:bushst:v:62:y:2020:i:4:p:566-587
    DOI: 10.1080/00076791.2018.1458839

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Abel Ezeoha & Akinyinka Akinyoade & Ifediora Amobi & Ogbuagu Ekumankama & Paul Kamau & Agnieszka Kazimierczuk & Catherine Mukoko & Ifeanyi Okoye & Chibuike Uche, 2022. "Multinationals, Capital Export, and the Inclusive Development Debate in Developing Countries: The Nigerian Insight," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 34(5), pages 2224-2250, October.
    2. Qian, Yu & Xu, Zeshui & Qin, Yong & Gou, Xunjie & Skare, Marinko, 2023. "Measuring the varying relationships between sustainable development and oil booms in different contexts: An empirical study," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 85(PB).

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:bushst:v:62:y:2020:i:4:p:566-587. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Chris Longhurst (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.