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Indonesia'S Banking Crisis: What Happened And What Did We Learn?


  • Charles Enoch
  • Olivier Frecaut
  • Arto Kovanen


This article traces the stages of the Indonesian banking crisis of the late 1990s. Almost every stage of the handling of the crisis was complicated by governance issues. Beyond these, among the lessons identified are how quickly things can get out of hand in an apparently strongly performing economy; that at the outset of a crisis information will be very limited; and that management of a crisis will be an evolving process. A blanket guarantee covering all bank liabilities may be indispensable; however, the authorities are 'buying time', and the more time that has to be bought the more expensive the process will be. Transparency too is indispensable, to generate public trust and support, and to ensure that actions taken by the authorities are irreversible. Overall, while not everything was done right, the strategy put in place had positive elements that have served to protect a core banking system and establish conditions for recovery.

Suggested Citation

  • Charles Enoch & Olivier Frecaut & Arto Kovanen, 2003. "Indonesia'S Banking Crisis: What Happened And What Did We Learn?," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 75-92.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:bindes:v:39:y:2003:i:1:p:75-92 DOI: 10.1080/00074910302010

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ostro, Bart, 1994. "Estimating the health effects of air pollutants : a method with an application to Jakarta," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1301, The World Bank.
    2. Resosudarmo, Budy P. & Thorbecke, Erik, 1996. "The impact of environmental policies on household incomes for different socio-economic classes: The case of air pollutants in Indonesia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 83-94, May.
    3. Garbaccio, Richard F. & Ho, Mun S. & Jorgenson, Dale W., 1999. "Controlling carbon emissions in China," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(04), pages 493-518, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ross H McLeod, 2003. "Dealing with Bank System Failure: Indonesia, 1997-2002," Departmental Working Papers 2003-05, The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics.
    2. Raghbendra Jha, 2004. "Macroeconomic stabilization and pro-poor budgetary policy in the globalized economy," CAMA Working Papers 2004-08, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.

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