Passport options with stochastic volatility
A passport option is a call option on the profits of a trading account. In this article, the robustness of passport option pricing is investigated by incorporating stochastic volatility. The key feature of a passport option is the holders' optimal strategy. It is known that in the case of exponential Brownian motion the strategy is to be long if the trading account is below zero and short if the account is above zero. Here this result is extended to models with stochastic volatility where the volatility is defined via an autonomous SDE. It is shown that if the Brownian motions driving the underlying asset and the volatility are independent then the form of the optimal strategy remains unchanged. This means that the strategy is robust to misspecification of the underlying model. A second aim of this article is to investigate some of the biases which become apparent in a stochastic volatility regime. Using an analytic approximation, comparisons are obtained for passport option prices using the exponential Brownian motion model and some well-known stochastic volatility models. This is illustrated with numerical examples. One conclusion is that if volatility and price are uncorrelated, then prices are sometimes lower in a model with stochastic volatility than in a model with constant volatility.
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Volume (Year): 8 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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- Hull, John C & White, Alan D, 1987. " The Pricing of Options on Assets with Stochastic Volatilities," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(2), pages 281-300, June.
- Norbert Hofmann & Eckhard Platen & Martin Schweizer, 1992.
"Option Pricing Under Incompleteness and Stochastic Volatility,"
Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(3), pages 153-187.
- N. Hofmann & E. Platen & M. Schweizer, 1992. "Option Pricing under Incompleteness and Stochastic Volatility," Discussion Paper Serie B 209, University of Bonn, Germany.
- Frey, Rüdiger, 1997. "Derivative Asset Analysis in Models with Level-Dependent and Stochastic Volatility," Discussion Paper Serie B 401, University of Bonn, Germany.
- H. Ahn & A. Penaud & P. Wilmott, 1999. "Various Passport Options and Their Valuation," OFRC Working Papers Series 1999mf15, Oxford Financial Research Centre.
- Heston, Steven L, 1993. "A Closed-Form Solution for Options with Stochastic Volatility with Applications to Bond and Currency Options," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 6(2), pages 327-43.
- Stein, Elias M & Stein, Jeremy C, 1991. "Stock Price Distributions with Stochastic Volatility: An Analytic Approach," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 4(4), pages 727-52.
- Ball, Clifford A. & Roma, Antonio, 1994. "Stochastic Volatility Option Pricing," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 29(04), pages 589-607, December.
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