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Managerial objectives in Japanese banking: a test of the expense preference hypothesis


  • Hiroshi Izawa
  • Yoshiro Tsutsui


Starting from the argument that profits are not paramount for Japanese banks, their managerial objectives are investigated by testing the expense preference hypothesis (EPH). The validity is questioned for previous studies which tested EPH as a joint hypothesis with the market structure performance hypothesis and/or the hypothesis that organizational structures have an effect on the presence of an expense preference because of their assumption of the linear utility function. The method adopted in most of these studies is shown to be invalid when the utility functions are not linear. A valid method is proposed which can test EPH as a single hypothesis. Empirical results show (1) the restriction of the linearity on the utility function is rejected, implying that the previous method is invalid and (2) neither profit maximization nor expense preference behaviour is found in Japanese banking.

Suggested Citation

  • Hiroshi Izawa & Yoshiro Tsutsui, 1998. "Managerial objectives in Japanese banking: a test of the expense preference hypothesis," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 89-99.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:8:y:1998:i:1:p:89-99
    DOI: 10.1080/096031098333294

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    Cited by:

    1. Kozo Harimaya & Takao Ohkawa & Makoto Okamura & Tetsuya Shinkai, 2012. "Sales-Maximization vs. Profit-Maximization: Managerial Behavior at Japanese Regional Banks 1980-2009," Discussion Paper Series 94, School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University, revised Sep 2012.
    2. Luis Granero & Juan Carlos Reboredo, 2006. "Competition and R&D in retail banking under expense preference behaviour," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 47-50.

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