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Municipal waste generation and the EKC hypothesis new evidence exploiting province-based panel data


  • Massimiliano Mazzanti
  • Anna Montini
  • Roberto Zoboli


This article provides empirical evidence on delinking and Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) for municipal waste generation in Italy. A disaggregated panel data-set on Italian Provinces is exploited. The empirical analysis of different specifications shows a first evidence in favour of an EKC relationship with regard to waste generation. Nevertheless, the turning point (TP) is at very high levels of added value per capita (around 23 000-26 000€), which concern a very limited number of wealthy Northern Italian provinces. Finally, the test on some waste management instruments proxies, leads to the conclusion that they are not yet impacting waste generation. To lower the TPs and to avoid an increasing gap between geographical areas, market based and more effective policy instruments should be implemented. In particular, the weight of waste policies should be rebalanced towards waste prevention targets according to the European waste hierarchy.

Suggested Citation

  • Massimiliano Mazzanti & Anna Montini & Roberto Zoboli, 2009. "Municipal waste generation and the EKC hypothesis new evidence exploiting province-based panel data," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(7), pages 719-725.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:16:y:2009:i:7:p:719-725
    DOI: 10.1080/13504850701221824

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    Cited by:

    1. Mounir Ben Mbarek & Nadia Ben Ali & Rochdi Feki, 2014. "Causality relationship between CO 2 emissions, GDP and energy intensity in Tunisia," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 16(6), pages 1253-1262, December.
    2. Shujahat Haider Hashmi & Fan Hongzhong & Zeeshan Fareed & Roksana Bannya, 2020. "Testing Non-Linear Nexus between Service Sector and CO 2 Emissions in Pakistan," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(3), pages 1-29, January.
    3. Rayan Baalbaki & Walid Marrouch, 2020. "Is there a garbage Kuznets curve? Evidence from OECD countries," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 40(2), pages 1049-1055.
    4. Francesco Colelli & Edoardo Croci, 2021. "Assessment of environmental and economic benefits of packaging waste system in Italy," ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2021(1), pages 37-58.
    5. Gazi A. Uddin & Khorshed Alam & Jeff Gow, 2016. "Does Ecological Footprint Impede Economic Growth? An Empirical Analysis Based on the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 301-316, September.
    6. Cordier, Mateo & Uehara, Takuro & Baztan, Juan & Jorgensen, Bethany & Yan, Huijie, 2021. "Plastic pollution and economic growth: The influence of corruption and lack of education," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 182(C).
    7. Amandine GNONLONFIN & Yusuf KOCOGLU & Nicolas PÉRIDY, 2017. "Municipal Solid Waste and Development:The Environmental Kuznets Curve Evidence for Mediterranean Countries," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 45, pages 113-130.
    8. Antonella Vastola & Mauro Viccaro & Valeria Grippo & Francesco Genovese & Severino Romano & Mario Cozzi, 2023. "The Decoupling Effect in Italian Agricultural Waste: An Empirical Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(24), pages 1-14, December.
    9. Massimiliano Agovino & Maria Ferrara & Antonio Garofalo, 2019. "Investigating the driving factors of the landfill disposal rate: a quantile regression for Italian data," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 21(6), pages 2913-2930, December.

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