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Wozu noch objektive Marktzugangsbeschränkungen im straßengebundenen ÖPNV?


  • Hans-Jörg Weiß


In Germany the legal framework for operating road-based public passenger transport (bus, tram and underground) is quite restrictive. Competition is restricted by a route licensing regime, administered by state agencies. According to the Carriage of Passengers Act, an applicant has to meet several subjective and objective requirements. Two reform proposals to amend the Carriage of Passengers Act are currently debated in the German parliament. Both draft bills include an abolishment of the objective entry barriers for long-distance services, i.e. a liberalisation of the intercity bus markets. In contrast, the short-distance markets, e.g. urban and suburban bus transport, shall be exempted from entry liberalisation. The present article shows that this exemption is not justified from a normative economic viewpoint. Copyright ZBW and Springer-Verlag 2012

Suggested Citation

  • Hans-Jörg Weiß, 2012. "Wozu noch objektive Marktzugangsbeschränkungen im straßengebundenen ÖPNV?," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;German National Library of Economics, vol. 92(8), pages 547-553, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:wirtsc:v:92:y:2012:i:8:p:547-553
    DOI: 10.1007/s10273-012-1418-8

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    More about this item


    K23; L51; L92;

    JEL classification:

    • K23 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation


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