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Arab Spring’s effect on scientific productivity and research performance in Arab countries


  • Bahaa Ibrahim

    () (Ain Shams University)


This study focuses on the Arab literature published by researchers from all 22 members of the Arab League during the last 5 years before Arab Spring (2006–2010) and the 5 years after Arab Spring (2011–2015), in order to identify effects of the Arab Spring on research in the Arab world both performance and Productivity, based on bibliometrics analysis of the data extracted from Web of Science and InCites Essential Science Indicators provided by Thomson Reuters, and by using the statistical software package SPSS. The total productivity of Arab researchers before the Arab Spring was (103,917) document. Countries that witnessed revolution and government overthrown produced the largest productivity (42.5%). The Arab countries’ production doubled after the Arab Spring (214,864 document). Countries that witnessed Minor protests advanced to second place (30%) as a result of the leap that occurred in Saudi Arabia publications. The extent of collaboration among Arab countries before the Arab Spring was twice the number of publications in which they collaborated with the rest of the world. The number of citations was positive after the Arab Spring for 12 countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Iraq, Egypt and United Arab Emirates, while it was negative for 10 countries such as Tunisia, Algeria, Jordan, Kuwait and Lebanon. There is no significant difference between Arab countries exposed to different levels of protests of Arab Spring, and between Counties’ performance after and before Arab Spring. However, counties’ productivity after Arab Spring has increased higher than before Arab Spring.

Suggested Citation

  • Bahaa Ibrahim, 2018. "Arab Spring’s effect on scientific productivity and research performance in Arab countries," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 117(3), pages 1555-1586, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:117:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-018-2935-z
    DOI: 10.1007/s11192-018-2935-z

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Sumeer Gul & Nahida Tun Nisa & Tariq Ahmad Shah & Sangita Gupta & Asifa Jan & Suhail Ahmad, 2015. "Middle East: research productivity and performance across nations," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 105(2), pages 1157-1166, November.
    5. Waleed M. Sweileh & Sa’ed H. Zyoud & Samah W. Al-Jabi & Ansam F. Sawalha, 2014. "Bibliometric analysis of diabetes mellitus research output from Middle Eastern Arab countries during the period (1996–2012)," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 101(1), pages 819-832, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rahma M. Hida & John C. Begeny & Helen O. Oluokun & Taylor E. Bancroft & Felicia L. Fields-Turner & Brodie D. Ford & Cecily K. Jones & Chynna B. Ratliff & Andrykah Y. Smith, 2020. "Internationalization and geographically representative scholarship in journals devoted to behavior analysis: an assessment of 10 journals across 15 years," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 122(1), pages 719-740, January.
    2. Houcemeddine Turki & Mohamed Ben Aouicha & Mohamed Ali Hadj Taieb, 2019. "Discussing Arab Spring’s effect on scientific productivity and research performance in Arab countries," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 120(1), pages 337-339, July.
    3. Houcemeddine Turki & Mohamed Ali Hadj Taieb & Mohamed Ben Aouicha & Ajith Abraham, 2020. "Nature or Science: what Google Trends says," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 124(2), pages 1367-1385, August.
    4. Houcemeddine Turki & Mohamed Ali Hadj Taieb & Mohamed Ben Aouicha & Ajith Abraham, 0. "Nature or Science: what Google Trends says," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 0, pages 1-19.
    5. Sandro Tarkhan-Mouravi, 2020. "Traditional indicators inflate some countries’ scientific impact over 10 times," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 123(1), pages 337-356, April.


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