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Highlighting socioeconomic damages caused by weakened tropical cyclones in the Republic of Korea


  • Doo-Sun R. Park

    (Seoul National University)

  • Chang-Hoi Ho

    (Seoul National University)

  • Jinwon Kim

    (University of California)

  • KiRyong Kang

    (Korea Meteorological Administration)

  • Chaehyeon C. Nam

    (Seoul National University)


To alleviate enormous socioeconomic damages by tropical cyclones (TCs), the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) retains a special warning system for strong TCs (STCs, maximum wind speed of the best-track data ≥17 m s−1), but not for relatively weak TCs (WTCs) which are not regarded as threatening as STCs; the warning system encompasses complex extreme phenomena such as gust, downpour, storm surge, and wind wave possibly arising from STCs. However, it is necessary to examine if WTCs can be actually as harmful as STCs with various extreme phenomena. Here, we compare the risks and intensities of WTCs with those of STCs for each province by analyzing the national damage reports and the near-surface wind and rainfall records from 60 weather stations in the Republic of Korea. According to our result, WTCs bring huge damages comparable to STCs in the northwestern Korea, the most populated and the richest area in the country, while WTCs cause much less destruction than STCs in the southeast. The large damages in the northwestern Korea can be explained by different mean landfall locations between WTCs and STCs; the storm centers of WTCs make landfall closer to the northwestern coastline than STCs’. Significant correlations between wind/rainfall and the damage amount by WTCs suggest that WTCs can also induce multiple extreme phenomena like STCs. Thus, the KMA needs to develop a special warning system for WTCs like for STCs.

Suggested Citation

  • Doo-Sun R. Park & Chang-Hoi Ho & Jinwon Kim & KiRyong Kang & Chaehyeon C. Nam, 2016. "Highlighting socioeconomic damages caused by weakened tropical cyclones in the Republic of Korea," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 82(2), pages 1301-1315, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:nathaz:v:82:y:2016:i:2:d:10.1007_s11069-016-2244-x
    DOI: 10.1007/s11069-016-2244-x

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. I-I Lin & Johnny C.L. Chan, 2015. "Recent decrease in typhoon destructive potential and global warming implications," Nature Communications, Nature, vol. 6(1), pages 1-8, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Oh, Seongmun & Jufri, Fauzan Hanif & Choi, Min-Hee & Jung, Jaesung, 2022. "A study of tropical cyclone impact on the power distribution grid in South Korea for estimating damage," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 156(C).

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