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Organisations in Disaster

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  • David King

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Abstract

In the event of a disaster, communities become the targets of specialist organisations and a concentration of activities. The complex unstructured activities and routines of daily life are disrupted and even totally overwhelmed by a single catastrophic event that requires a redirection of priorities, resources and people to deal with all aspects of the disaster impact as rapidly as possible. The whole community must be mobilised to restore functions and meet needs, to return to the normality of the pre-disaster state. This latter purpose is least likely to be achieved, as the destroyed community can seldom rebuild to the same complex, but randomly haphazard state that existed before the disaster. The mobilisation of the whole community to the single purpose of recovery requires a high level of organisation. Response to a disaster demands that there be purposeful organisations ready to provide leadership and action. Emergency management is predicated for the existence of such purposeful organisations. However, while organisations are at the core of emergency management response and recovery, they are by no means simple or singular. Disaster generates a plethora of organisations, which interact with the community rather than simply organising disaster response. The community also organises itself, re-assigning priorities and using existing organisations and networks. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Suggested Citation

  • David King, 2007. "Organisations in Disaster," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 40(3), pages 657-665, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:nathaz:v:40:y:2007:i:3:p:657-665
    DOI: 10.1007/s11069-006-9016-y
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11069-006-9016-y
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:nathaz:v:92:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11069-018-3204-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Elizabeth Jordan & Amy Javernick-Will & Kathleen Tierney, 2016. "Post-tsunami recovery in Tamil Nadu, India: combined social and infrastructural outcomes," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 84(2), pages 1327-1347, November.
    3. Helen Boon & Alison Cottrell & David King & Robert Stevenson & Joanne Millar, 2012. "Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory for modelling community resilience to natural disasters," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 60(2), pages 381-408, January.
    4. M. Statheropoulos & A. Agapiou & G. Pallis & K. Mikedi & S. Karma & J. Vamvakari & M. Dandoulaki & F. Andritsos & C. Thomas, 2015. "Factors that affect rescue time in urban search and rescue (USAR) operations," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 75(1), pages 57-69, January.

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