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Coal sector in Poland, light in the tunnel or dimming candle?


  • Wojciech Suwala

    (AGH University of Science and Technology)


The coal sector in Poland, especially mining, is a showcase of how a mix of technical, economic and political initiatives aimed at healing a decaying sector has worked or perhaps not worked. Coal mining was one of the sectors most affected by economic transformation in early 1990s. It was formerly privileged as provided primary energy for the economy and convertible currencies from export, but at the beggining of economy transformation turned into a number of overemployed and unprofitable companies. The result was a nearly continuous deficit but many governmental efforts to improve the situation were not leading to long term viability. This paper aims to discuss the history and prospects for the coal industry in Poland. Firstly, the past of coal mining in Poland is analysed to identify possible reasons for the lack of efficacy of the restructuring programs. Secondly, the present situation and future prospects are described. Conclusions point to the issues which are important in restructuring processes and factors determining the prospects of coal mining in Poland.

Suggested Citation

  • Wojciech Suwala, 2018. "Coal sector in Poland, light in the tunnel or dimming candle?," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 31(1), pages 263-268, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:minecn:v:31:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s13563-017-0139-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s13563-017-0139-2

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    Cited by:

    1. Anna Bluszcz & Anna Manowska, 2020. "Differentiation of the Level of Sustainable Development of Energy Markets in the European Union Countries," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(18), pages 1-20, September.

    More about this item


    Coal industry in Poland; Restructuring; Prospects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • P28 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Natural Resources; Environment
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
    • N74 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Europe: 1913-


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