Household fertility responses following communism: Transition in the Czech Republic and Slovakia
In central Europe fertility fell during transition from centrally planned to market oriented economies. Families reevaluated fertility plans facing new wages, reduced child-care subsidies, and economic uncertainty. Using micro-data from 1984 and 1993 in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, this paper relates fertility changes following Communism to wages, prices␣and risks. Earnings have little impact on fertility timing during transition, though age, job uncertainty, and children conceived during Communism do. In the Czech Republic, changed fertility demand parameters account for much of the␣fall in fertility. In Slovakia a sizable proportion results from predictable responses to changed incentives. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2003
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Volume (Year): 16 (2003)
Issue (Month): 3 (08)
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