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Household fertility responses following communism: Transition in the Czech Republic and Slovakia

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  • Robert S. Chase

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Abstract

In central Europe fertility fell during transition from centrally planned to market oriented economies. Families reevaluated fertility plans facing new wages, reduced child-care subsidies, and economic uncertainty. Using micro-data from 1984 and 1993 in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, this paper relates fertility changes following Communism to wages, prices␣and risks. Earnings have little impact on fertility timing during transition, though age, job uncertainty, and children conceived during Communism do. In the Czech Republic, changed fertility demand parameters account for much of the␣fall in fertility. In Slovakia a sizable proportion results from predictable responses to changed incentives. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2003

Suggested Citation

  • Robert S. Chase, 2003. "Household fertility responses following communism: Transition in the Czech Republic and Slovakia," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(3), pages 579-595, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:16:y:2003:i:3:p:579-595
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-003-0128-3
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00148-003-0128-3
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bhaumik, Sumon K. & Nugent, Jeffrey B., 2005. "Does Economic Uncertainty Affect the Decision to Bear Children? Evidence from East and West Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 1746, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. repec:zbw:rwirep:0379 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Marcus Klemm, 2012. "Job Security and Fertility: Evidence from German Reunification," Ruhr Economic Papers 0379, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    4. Brainerd, Elizabeth, 2010. "The Demographic Transformation of Post-Socialist Countries," WIDER Working Paper Series 015, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Klemm, Marcus, 2012. "Job Security and Fertility: Evidence from German Reunification," Ruhr Economic Papers 379, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Transition; fertility; household behavior; J13; P36;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • P36 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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