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A Multinational European Study of Patient Preferences for Novel Diagnostics to Manage Antimicrobial Resistance


  • David J. Mott

    (Office of Health Economics)

  • Grace Hampson

    (Office of Health Economics)

  • Martin J. Llewelyn

    (Brighton and Sussex Medical School)

  • Jorge Mestre-Ferrandiz

    (Office of Health Economics
    Independent Economics Consultant)

  • Michael M. Hopkins

    (University of Sussex Business School)


Background Novel diagnostics are needed to manage antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Patient preferences are important in determining whether diagnostic tests are successful in practice, but there are few data describing the test attributes which matter most to patients. We elicited patients’ preferences for attributes of diagnostic tests that could be used to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in primary care across seven European countries. Methods We used an online stated preference survey, including a discrete choice experiment (DCE). The DCE explored how patients make trade-offs between three key attributes of diagnostic tests: the speed that results were available, confidence in the test results, and how convenient it is to take the test. Individuals were eligible to complete the survey if they had taken antibiotics within the last 2 years and were resident in Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Greece, the Netherlands or the United Kingdom (UK). Results In total, 988 respondents completed the survey. The DCE responses illustrated that speed was the least important attribute in most countries. Responses from Germany and the Netherlands indicated that confidence was most important in these countries. Responses from the UK, France, Spain and Italy showed convenience as the most important attribute in these countries. Two attributes, confidence and convenience, were jointly favoured by respondents in Greece. Conclusion Patients in different European countries do not have the same preferences for the attributes of diagnostic tests to manage AMR in primary care. Failure to account for such differences during test development could reduce test uptake, result in continued overuse of antibiotics, and hamper marketisation.

Suggested Citation

  • David J. Mott & Grace Hampson & Martin J. Llewelyn & Jorge Mestre-Ferrandiz & Michael M. Hopkins, 2020. "A Multinational European Study of Patient Preferences for Novel Diagnostics to Manage Antimicrobial Resistance," Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 69-79, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:aphecp:v:18:y:2020:i:1:d:10.1007_s40258-019-00516-0
    DOI: 10.1007/s40258-019-00516-0

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Garau, M. & Towse, A. & Garrison, L. & Housman, L. & Ossa, D., 2012. "Can and Should Value Based Pricing Be Applied to Molecular Diagnostics?," Research Papers 000160, Office of Health Economics.
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    1. Chris Sampson’s journal round-up for 1st June 2020
      by Chris Sampson in The Academic Health Economists' Blog on 2020-06-01 11:00:00


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    Cited by:

    1. Sydenham, Rikke Vognbjerg & Jarbøl, Dorte Ejg & Hansen, Malene Plejdrup & Justesen, Ulrik Stenz & Watson, Verity & Pedersen, Line Bjørnskov, 2022. "Prescribing antibiotics: Factors driving decision-making in general practice. A discrete choice experiment," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 305(C).

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