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Regional patterns of affirmative action compliance costs


  • Ernst Griffin

    () (Department of Geography, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA)

  • Arthur Getis

    () (Department of Geography, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA)

  • Peter Griffin

    (Department of Economics, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90840, USA)


In this paper we estimate the amount by which firms` labor costs are increased by compliance with affirmative action regulations imposed on federal contractors for 160 SMSAs in 1980. The paper focuses on determining the cause(s) for variation in these "compliance costs" across SMSAs and in identifying areas of high and low compliance cost. We find that compliance costs are lower in larger SMSAs, more rapidly growing SMSAs, and SMSAs that have relatively large proportions of minorities and females in the labor market.

Suggested Citation

  • Ernst Griffin & Arthur Getis & Peter Griffin, 1996. "Regional patterns of affirmative action compliance costs," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 30(3), pages 321-340.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:anresc:v:30:y:1996:i:3:p:321-340
    Note: Received: March 1995 / Accepted: October 1995

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    Cited by:

    1. David Neumark & Harry Holzer, 2000. "Assessing Affirmative Action," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(3), pages 483-568, September.
    2. repec:eee:ecomod:v:384:y:2018:i:c:p:316-332 is not listed on IDEAS

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