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Türkiye’de Savunma, Sağlık ve Eğitim Harcamaları ve Gelir Eşitsizliği (1970–2008): Ekonometrik Bir İnceleme


  • Adem Yavuz ELVEREN


This paper examines the relationship between defense expenditures, income inequality and growth in Turkey for the period of 1970–2008. In the study, the problem of lack of time series data has been overcome by using manufacturing pay inequality index constructed by Theil T Statistic. Increasing inequality and the significant amount of resources devoted to armaments are two serious and interconnected issues today. Although there are numerous studies that examine the different aspects of military spending in Turkey, there are only two studies that analyse the impact of military spending on income distribution in Turkey. Considering this lack in the literature on such a crucial topic, this study, utilizing basic cointegration and causality tests and incorporating more variables, aims to contribute to the literature. According to the analysis, while growth and social transfers have an improving effect in income inquality in Turkey, defense expenditures increase inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Gül AKSOĞAN & Adem Yavuz ELVEREN, 2012. "Türkiye’de Savunma, Sağlık ve Eğitim Harcamaları ve Gelir Eşitsizliği (1970–2008): Ekonometrik Bir İnceleme," Sosyoekonomi Journal, Sosyoekonomi Society, issue 17(17).
  • Handle: RePEc:sos:sosjrn:120112

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    Defense Expenditures; Income Inequality; Turkey; Granger Causality.;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War


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