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Why Women Live Longer Than Man? Lesson From Sudan




Gender disparities exist in various forms and frequently have significant impact on economic growth, especially in less developed economies. The magnitude of this gap is likely to have a significant effect on the socioeconomic structure and distribution of wealth within an economy. This article aims at investigating factors affecting gender disparities in life expectancy in Sudan. The analysis examines the long and short run impacts of selected socioeconomics and environmental factors on gender disparities in life expectancy in Sudan during the period 1960-2009. Employing the Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) technique, the results significantly show that in both short and long run periods, education tends to increase the gap, whilst pollution has negative impact in reducing the existing gap. The Wald F-test for causality suggests that in the long run there is strong causality relationship which flow from income, education and pollution towards gender gap in life expectancy. The finding suggests that, although life expectancy gap in Sudan is affected by socioeconomic and environmental factors, the existence in the gap might also create reciprocal effect onto these factors respectively. Thus, it is crucial for the policy-makers in Sudan to continuously support programmes which have positive impacts on the population’s life expectancy, particularly among the females.

Suggested Citation

  • Atif Awad & Ishak Yussof & Rahmah Ismail & Tamat Sarmidi, 2013. "Why Women Live Longer Than Man? Lesson From Sudan," Journal of Academic Research in Economics, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Accounting and Financial Management Constanta, vol. 5(2 (Septem), pages 258-278.
  • Handle: RePEc:shc:jaresh:v:5:y:2013:i:2:p:258-278

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Job security, employment and wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 851-879, June.
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    More about this item


    Gender gap; Gender inequality; Life expectancy; Economic growth.;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General


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