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Desarrollo Económico Regional De España, 1986-2013: 25 Años De Evolución

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  • GUISAN, Maria-Carmen

Abstract

En este estudio presentamos una síntesis de la evolución del desarrollo económico regional de España durante 25 años en el período 1986-2013. Si bien el incremento tanto del empleo no agrario como de la renta real por habitante ha sido positivo en todas las Comunidades Autónomas, hay que constatar que muchas regiones podrían haber experimentado un incremento mayor de renta real por habitante si las políticas económicas, tanto a nivel regional, como nacional y europeo, hubiesen apoyado en mayor medida el desarrollo industrial. La evidencia empírica muestra la importancia de las leyes de Kaldor, respecto a los efectos positivos que la industria tiene sobre los sectores de servicios y otros sectores productivos, incrementando la productividad general, la renta per cápita y la tasa de empleo. En el conjunto de España el incremento de la renta real producida por habitante superó los 4000 Euros a precios constantes del año 2000. Destacan, con incrementos superiores a la media nacional, las siguientes Comunidades Autónomas: Aragón, Castilla y León, Cataluña, Galicia, Madrid, Navarra y País Vasco. Se presenta también una comparación del conjunto de España con otros países de la OCDE y se destaca la necesidad de recuperar e impulsar el desarrollo industrial en muchas regiones españolas. In this study we present a synthesis of the evolution of the regional economic development of Spain during 25 years in the period 1986-2013. Although the increase in non-agricultural employment and real per capita income has been positive in all Autonomous Communities, it should be noted that many regions may have experienced a higher increase in per capita real income if economic policies, both at the regional as national and European levels, would have been more supportive of industrial development. The empirical evidence shows the importance of Kaldor's laws with respect to the positive effects that industry has on the service sectors and other productive sectors, increasing overall productivity, per capita income and the rate of employment. In the whole of Spain, the increase in real income produced per inhabitant, for the period 1995-2010, exceeded 4000 Euros at constant prices of year 2000. In this regard, the following Autonomous Communities stand out: Aragon, Castile and Leon, Catalonia, Galicia, Madrid, Navarre and the Basque Country. It also presents a comparison of economic development in Spain with other OECD countries, for this period, and highlights the need to recover and boost industrial development in many regions of Spain.

Suggested Citation

  • GUISAN, Maria-Carmen, 2017. "Desarrollo Económico Regional De España, 1986-2013: 25 Años De Evolución," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 26(2), pages 143-154.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:26:y:2017:i:2_10
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    File URL: http://www.usc.es/econo/RGE/Vol26/rge26210.pdf
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    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. 57. 25 años de desarrollo económico regional de España, 1986-2013 y evolución 2014-2017.
      by MCG Blogs de Economía in Economía y desarrollo de España y Galicia on 2017-05-26 13:08:00

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Producción regional por sector; población y empleo en las regiones españolas; 25 años de desarrollo regional en España. Regional Production by sector; Population and Employment in Spanish Regions; 25 years of regional development in Spain.;

    JEL classification:

    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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