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Patróns De Despoboamento Do Rural Galego: Unha Análise Por Comarcas

Listed author(s):
  • Martínez, Xosé
  • Peón, David
Registered author(s):

    Levamos a cabo unha análise estatística para contrastar e cuantificar algunhas das observacións clásicas na problemática demográfica de Galicia e a súa polaridade rural – urbana. Primeiro, íllase o efecto arrastre demográfico para identificar distintos patróns de despoboamento a nivel comarcal ao longo das últimas dúas décadas descontado o efecto migratorio histórico. Esta análise mostraría unha visión alternativa do proceso de despoboamento, caracterizada pola conformación dun anel central de dinámica demográfica positiva a partir das cidades galegas de interior. Segundo, profúndase na análise estatística da polaridade rural – urbana cunha medición do papel xogado por diversos parámetros de vertebración xeográfica da poboación galega. A este efecto, resultan determinantes a poboación da cabeceira de comarca –cunha perda de poboación do -0,83% anual nas comarcas con cabeceira inferior a 5.000 habitantes- e a distancia por estrada á máis próxima das sete cidades galegas –cun -0,27% adicional. Terceiro, descontado o efecto arrastre da emigración pasada e vertebración xeográfica do territorio, explícase a evolución das distintas comarcas en función da distribución sectorial do PIB, ao efecto de identificar os sectores económicos que máis axudaron no pasado recente a conter o devalo demográfico das comarcas rurais.

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    File URL: http://www.usc.es/econo/RGE/Vol24/rge2416.pdf
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    Article provided by University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. in its journal Revista Galega de Economía.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2015)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 63-78

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    Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:24:y:2015:i:1_6
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    Web page: http://www.usc.es/econo/RGE/benvidag.htm

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