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Foresight for Science and Technology Priority Setting in Korea

Author

Listed:
  • Moonjung Choi

    (Korea Institute of S&T Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP), Mabang-ro Seocho-gu Seoul, Republic of Korea)

  • Han-Lim Choi

    (Korea Institute of S&T Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP), Mabang-ro Seocho-gu Seoul, Republic of Korea)

Abstract

The main purpose of Technology Foresight (TF) in Korea is to predict the development of S&T and use the results in developing S&T policies. However, informing the public about what the future holds based on the development of S&T is an equally important role of TF. Since the introduction of the first TF in 1994, Korea has conducted four such studies. TF in Korea has become a key process in setting S&T policy, such as the Science and Technology Basic Plan (S&T Basic Plan). The S&T Basic Plan determines the national strategic technologies by ref lecting on future technology. The S&T Basic Plan is a mandatory legal planning process established every five years by the Korean government. It is the top-level policy document affecting S&T-related policy making in Korea. TF in Korea primarily utilizes the Delphi method. The third and fourth TFs have strengthened the links between S&T and society by determining future technologies capable of solving future needs. The fourth TF presented scenarios and special illustrations to show members of the public the future technologies and their implications for society. Additionally, the fourth round of TF analyzed the potential negative impacts of future technologies.

Suggested Citation

  • Moonjung Choi & Han-Lim Choi, 2015. "Foresight for Science and Technology Priority Setting in Korea," Foresight-Russia Форсайт, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования «Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики», vol. 9(3 (eng)), pages 54-65.
  • Handle: RePEc:scn:013126:15987052
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