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Evolutionary considerations in the framing of social norms

Author

Listed:
  • Brian Skyrms

    (UC Irvine and Stanford University, USA, bskyrms@uci.edu)

  • Kevin J.S. Zollman

    (Carnegie Mellon University, USA, kzollman@andrew.cmu.edu)

Abstract

In this article, we aim to illustrate evolutionary explanations for the emergence of framing effects, discussed in detail in Cristina Bicchieri’s The Grammar of Society . We show how framing effects might evolve which coalesce two economically distinct interactions into a single one, leading to apparently irrational behavior in each individual interaction. Here we consider the now well-known example of the ultimatum game, and show how this ‘irrational’ behavior might result from a single norm which governs behavior in multiple games. We also show how framing effects might result in radically different play in strategically identical situations. We consider the Hawk-Dove game (the game of chicken) and also the Nash bargaining game. Here arbitrary tags or signals might result in one party doing better than another.

Suggested Citation

  • Brian Skyrms & Kevin J.S. Zollman, 2010. "Evolutionary considerations in the framing of social norms," Politics, Philosophy & Economics, , vol. 9(3), pages 265-273, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:pophec:v:9:y:2010:i:3:p:265-273
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    Cited by:

    1. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Nathalie Etchart-Vincent, 2013. "Wording and gender effects in a Game of Chicken. An explorative experimental study," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00796708, HAL.
    2. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Nathalie Etchart-Vincent, 2013. "Wording and gender effects in a Game of Chicken. An explorative experimental study," Working Papers hal-00796708, HAL.

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