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Leading by Example to Protect the Environment

Author

Listed:
  • Eline Van der Heijden

    () (Department of Economics and CentER, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands)

  • Erling Moxnes

    (Department of Geography, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway)

Abstract

Environmentalists often urge their home countries to take a leading role in reducing global environmental problems like climate change. A pertinent question is, Will examples set by leading nations influence others to follow suit, and if so, do the costs of leading matter? For instance, will costly domestic reductions have a stronger effect on followers than purchases of cheap emission permits abroad? To investigate these questions, we have conducted two treatments in a public bad experiment in which leaders have different costs of leading. Our findings suggest that higher costs of leading lead to stronger effects of a given leader example. Randomly chosen leaders lead by example and set better examples if it is less costly to do so. Finally, there seems to be a limit to the leader effect and it may decrease over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Eline Van der Heijden & Erling Moxnes, 2013. "Leading by Example to Protect the Environment," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 57(2), pages 307-326, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:jocore:v:57:y:2013:i:2:p:307-326
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