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The Causes and the Factors of Unemployment in the European Union-Evolutions Between 2000-2010


  • Anca IONETE

    (Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest)


Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical way, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors, such as labour market policies and demographic developments may influence the short and long-term evolution as well. In this article, I will realize an updated analysis of the evolution of unemployment in the European Union, focusing on its causes and determinants. The current economic crisis has led to the explosive growth of unemployment in the European Union. The European Commission’s Europe 2020 strategy sets out a vision of Europe’s social market economy for the XXIst century. As part of the flagship initiatives “An agenda for new skills and new jobs” and “Youth on the move”, unemployment rates will be targeted via by a range of policies, including proposals aimed at education and training or measures for the creation of a work environment conducive to activity rates with higher labour productivity. There are also initiatives aimed at improving the entry rate of young people into the labour market.

Suggested Citation

  • Anca IONETE, 2012. "The Causes and the Factors of Unemployment in the European Union-Evolutions Between 2000-2010," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 60(3), pages 34-40, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:rsr:supplm:v:60:y:2012:i:3:p:34-40

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christine Erhel & Iain Begg & Jorgen Mortensen, 2010. "Medium term employment challenges of the Lisbon strategy," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00616806, HAL.
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