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An Analysis on the Factors Affecting the Social Security


  • Galantina Canco (Doraci)

    (Faculty of Economics and Agribusiness in Tirana, Albania)

  • Diana Dervishi

    (Faculty of Economics and Agribusiness in Tirana, Albania)

  • Sajmir Hoxha

    (General Secretary in Competition Authority in Albania)


The transition from strong centralized economy to the free market economy was one of major movements which include radical changes in the politics, economics, administration and structural field. So, it was necessary to conduct a series of increasing reforms. In this context, the pension (retirement) reform is a very important one. Many insurance schemes directed by the state, based on 'pay-as-you-go' principle, such as the current Albanian social insurance system. This scheme does not promote the interests of employees being included in the current social insurance scheme. The best practices prove the fact that mandatory social insurance should not be the only option. So, parallel with mandatory social insurance is better to have the private insurance pension scheme, as well. The paper focuses on some issues of social insurance.

Suggested Citation

  • Galantina Canco (Doraci) & Diana Dervishi & Sajmir Hoxha, 2016. "An Analysis on the Factors Affecting the Social Security," Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research, Pro Global Science Association, vol. 12(2), pages 19-25, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:rse:wpaper:v:12:y:2016:i:2:p:19-25

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    social insurance; 'pay-as-you-go'; pension reform; private insurance pension scheme;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions


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