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The Clusters As A Factor Attracting Foreign Direct Investments In Less Developed Regions


  • Ewa Bojar

    () (Department of Economics and Management, Lublin University of Technology)

  • Matylda Bojar

    (Lublin University of Technology)

  • Tomasz Sminda

    (Lublin University of Technology)


The role of cluster initiatives in economic and social development is becoming increasingly important. Low level of innovation, poor competitiveness, high levels of unemployment and emigration of qualified workforce are severe problems that less developed regions are facing. Therefore, various cluster initiatives could be a solution. Clusters stimulate innovations and contribute to the increase of competitiveness of local economy and individual businesses. They should also encourage foreign capital investments. Foreign direct investments are one of the most important factors stimulating economic growth. The present paper investigates concept and essence of clusters, the concept of foreign direct investments and Polish experiences in attracting foreign capital. The authors try to answer the questions: how do clusters impact regional attractiveness for foreign direct investments? Which are the reasons behind the locational choices of foreign direct investments near a cluster based environment? What is the role of foreign direct investment in clusters and, finally, what is the impact on regional development from both clusters and foreign direct investment?

Suggested Citation

  • Ewa Bojar & Matylda Bojar & Tomasz Sminda, 2008. "The Clusters As A Factor Attracting Foreign Direct Investments In Less Developed Regions," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 2(1), pages 54-67, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:rrs:journl:v:2:y:2008:i:1:p:54-67

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Etienne B Yehoue, 2005. "Clusters As a Driving Engine for FDI," IMF Working Papers 05/193, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lenuta Carp, 2012. "The Impact Of The Economic Crisis On The Dynamic Of International Fdi," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 4(1), pages 35-43, March.
    2. Constantin BORDEI, 2014. "Influence Of Automotive Clusters In Regional Development," SEA - Practical Application of Science, Fundația Română pentru Inteligența Afacerii, Editorial Department, issue 5, pages 149-158, November.
    3. repec:jes:wpaper:y:2012:v:4:p:35-43 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    clusters; foreign direct investments; less developed regions; regional policy;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy


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