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Using the Multivariate Data Analysis Techniques on the Insurance Market


  • Dedu, Vasile

    (Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest)

  • Armeanu, Daniel

    (Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest)

  • Enciu, Adrian

    (Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest)


In the present financial theory, we confront with complex economic phenomena and activities which cannot be studied or analyzed profoundly because of the plurality of existing variables, ratios and information. The economic, financial and social activity carried on under crisis or economic growth conditions registered year by year a development of the products and instruments in use. The complexity of the economic area may be simplified through techniques of multi-dimensional analysis. Such a method is the analysis of the principal components which allows the decreasing of the initial causal space dimension generated by the functional links which are established among the initial explanatory variables. The dimension of this space is determined by the number of explanatory variables identified as causes of the economic phenomenon and the higher their number, the more difficult it is to analyze the initial causal space because the information volume, the complexity of calculations, the risk not to identify the contribution of each variable to the creation of the initial causal space variability and the decrease in the initial variables significance in case they would be inter-correlated grow. The simplification of the initial causal space means the determination of a change which consists in transition from a space with a large number of variables to another one of fewer dimensions, equivalent but on the conditions of keeping maximum information from the initial space and maximizing the variability of the new space (called principal space). Variables from the principal space represent the principal components, they are un-correlated and the vectors which define them have a unitary length.

Suggested Citation

  • Dedu, Vasile & Armeanu, Daniel & Enciu, Adrian, 2009. "Using the Multivariate Data Analysis Techniques on the Insurance Market," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 170-179, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:rjr:romjef:v::y:2009:i:4:p:170-179

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:empeco:v:52:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s00181-016-1107-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Dragos Simona Laura & Mare Codruta & Drule Alexandra Maria, 2016. "Overall Governance Index for Developed and Emerging European Life Insurance Markets," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 6(10), pages 381-391, October.
    3. Alonso, Pablo J. & Marín Díazaraque, Juan Miguel & Albarrán Lozano, Irene, 2011. "Why using a general model in Solvency II is not a good idea : an explanation from a Bayesian point of view," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws113729, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.

    More about this item


    original variables; covariance matrix; eigenvalue; eigenvector; principal components; total variance; generalized variance; factor matrix; factor loadings; factor scores; classification;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies
    • C44 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Operations Research; Statistical Decision Theory


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