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Ownership, Liquidity, and Investment

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  • Charles J. Hadlock

Abstract

This article documents a nonlinear relationship between insider shareholdings and the sensitivity of a firm's investment to its cash flow. As insider holdings increase from zero, investment-cash flow sensitivities rise sharply. This relationship weakens at higher levels of insider ownership, and I find some evidence that investment-cash flow sensitivities decrease slowly with insider holdings after a certain point. I argue that these results are inconsistent with the hypothesis that free-cash-flow problems cause the widely noted sensitivity of investment to cash flow. The results are consistent with the presence of asymmetric-information problems in the capital markets that are heightened when managers have a strong incentive to maximize shareholder returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Charles J. Hadlock, 1998. "Ownership, Liquidity, and Investment," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 29(3), pages 487-508, Autumn.
  • Handle: RePEc:rje:randje:v:29:y:1998:i:autumn:p:487-508
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