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The Impact of Economic Variables on Food Security in the Provinces of Iran: Measuring and Comparing


  • Bagherzadeh Azar , Fatemeh

    () (Ph.D. Candidate in Economics, University of Tabriz)

  • Ranjpour, Reza

    () (Associate Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz)

  • Karami Takanlou , Zahra

    () (Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz)

  • Motaffaker Azad, Mohammad Ali

    () (Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz)

  • Assadzadeh, Ahmad

    () (Associate Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz)


Food security has been a global problem and has attracted the attention of policy-maker and scientific circles. So, the purpose of this study is calculating food security in provinces and identifying variables that strengthen or stopping it. In this regard, first food security situation of the provinces of Iran during 2006-2013 are calculated with multi- sectoral index based on human development index. The result shows that on average provinces of Sistan and Baluchistan, Hormozgan and South Khorasan have worst food security situation and East Azerbaijan, Khorasan and Fars have the highest food security situation. Then examine the impact of economic factors on food security with Dynamic Panel Data method. The result suggests that economic growth index is a positive factor, urbanization and consumption price are negative factors in improving food security index. The result of Sensitivity analysis reinforces the same result.

Suggested Citation

  • Bagherzadeh Azar , Fatemeh & Ranjpour, Reza & Karami Takanlou , Zahra & Motaffaker Azad, Mohammad Ali & Assadzadeh, Ahmad, 2017. "The Impact of Economic Variables on Food Security in the Provinces of Iran: Measuring and Comparing," Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics, Faculty of Economics, Management and Business, University of Tabriz, vol. 3(4), pages 47-76, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:qjatoe:0058

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    More about this item


    Food security; Economic growth; Consumption price; Provinces;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy


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