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Assessment of the Environmental Performance in Energy Intensive Industries of Iran by Using Directional Distance Function Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Shahiki Tash, Mohammadnabi

    () (Sistan and Balouchestan University)

  • Khajeh Hasani, Mostafa

    () (Sistan and Balouchestan University)

  • Jafari, Saeid

    () (Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman)

Abstract

In the recent years, environmental pollution, specially, air pollution, has become one of the main concerns of the international community and those are affected health of living organisms and natural ecosystems. In the recent past, environmental pollution has imposed significant human and financial costs on society. One of the most pollutant sectors is the industrial sector and between the polluting industries, the high energy consumer industries have imposed a significant part of environmental pollution. Hence, assessment of environmental performance in these industries is important. This paper using a directional distance function approach and (SBM) approach has evaluated the environmental performance and technical efficiency in the other non-metallic mineral products and production of basic metals industry, respectively. The results indicate that the other non-metallic mineral products industry Although technically more efficient, but have a lower environmental performance and Production industrial facilities, industrial Production cement, lime and plaster and asphalt manufacturing industry had the lowest environmental performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Shahiki Tash, Mohammadnabi & Khajeh Hasani, Mostafa & Jafari, Saeid, 2015. "Assessment of the Environmental Performance in Energy Intensive Industries of Iran by Using Directional Distance Function Approach," Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics, Faculty of Economics, Management and Business, University of Tabriz, vol. 2(1), pages 99-120, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:qjatoe:0006
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    Keywords

    Environmental Performance; Energy Intensive Industries; Directional Distance Function; Technical Efficiency.;

    JEL classification:

    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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