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How to explain the foreign expansion of Russian firms


  • Kalotay, Kalman

    () (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)


This article explores the main features of outward foreign direct investment by Russian corporations and some of the implications of their recent rise to global prominence for the theories of international investment. Surprisingly, lower middle-income Russia is a net capital exporter, and some of its firms, such as Gazprom, Lukoil, Norilsk Nickel, and Severstal, have already leapfrogged to a global status. This article also aims to identify issues for further analysis, such as the growing role of the state in controlling natural resource-based firms and its implications for the future of the Russian multinationals. It suggests that different investment theories fare divergently in trying to explain Russian outward foreign direct investment. For example, the eclectic paradigm could be applied to Russian multinationals with its extension to home-country factors. Other theories, however, would require more radical rethinking in future research.

Suggested Citation

  • Kalotay, Kalman, 2008. "How to explain the foreign expansion of Russian firms," Journal of Financial Transformation, Capco Institute, vol. 24, pages 53-61.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:jofitr:0023

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    Cited by:

    1. Éltető, Andrea & Sass, Magdolna & Kalotay, Kálmán & Weiner, Csaba, 2015. "Orosz befektetések a visegrádi országokban. Az elméletek temetője?
      [Russian investment in the Visegrád countries - a cemetery for extant theories?]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 565-586.
    2. Kalman Kalotay & Andrea Elteto & Magdolna Sass & Csaba Weiner, 2014. "Russian capital in the Visegrád countries," IWE Working Papers 210, Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies- Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    3. Francesca Spigarelli, 2011. "Outward Foreign Direct Investments of the Russian Federation," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 1, March.

    More about this item


    Russia; Eagle multinational; TNC; Outward FDI; Natural resources; Global firms;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L71 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • Q34 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts


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