IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Progreso tecnológico y divergencias regionales: evidencia para Colombia (1980-2010)

Listed author(s):
  • Sanabria Gómez, Segundo Abrahán


    (Universidad Nacional de Colombia)

Registered author(s):

    La teoría del crecimiento endógeno planteó que el cambio tecnológico es endógeno y que presenta rendimientos marginales crecientes en los factores, por lo cual no necesariamente existe convergencia entre países ricos y pobres. A partir de este principio e integrando los enfoques teóricos evolucionista y estructuralista, en este artículo, utilizando indicadores estadísticos y estimaciones econométricas, se demuestra que a escala regional, el progreso tecnológico se asocia positivamente con el desarrollo industrial y económico de cada región. Por esta razón, las regiones de mayor desarrollo económico atraen y concentran una proporción mayor de los recursos científicos y tecnológicos, mientras que las regiones cuya actividad económica predominante es la agropecuaria presentan restricciones para generar, acceder e incorporar productivamente los avances tecnológicos. En consecuencia, se concluye que el progreso tecnológico induce a procesos divergentes entre regiones a largo plazo. The theory of endogenous growth posited that technological change is endogenous and presents increasing marginal returns in factors, so there is not necessarily convergence between rich and poor countries. Based on this principle and integrating the theoretical approaches evolutionist and structuralist, in this article, using statistical indicators and econometric estimates, it is shown that at regional level, technological progress is positively associated with the industrial and economic development of each region. For this reason, regions of greater economic development attract and concentrate a greater proportion of scientific and technological resources, while regions whose predominant economic activity is agriculture present restrictions to generate, access and productively incorporate technological advances. Consequently, it is concluded that technological progress leads to divergent processes between regions in the long term.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional in its journal INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH.

    Volume (Year): (2017)
    Issue (Month): 38 ()
    Pages: 7-25

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0345
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    C/ Viladomat, 321 entresuelo - 08029 Barcelona, Teléfono y Fax: + 34 933101112, E-mail:, Web:, Web Investigaciones Regionales:

    Phone: +34 93 310 11 12
    Fax: +34 93 310 11 12
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0345. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Julieta Llungo-Ortíz)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.