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Un análisis regional de la eficiencia técnica de las empresas de transporte urbano colectivo en España

Author

Listed:
  • Balboa La Chica, Pedro M.

    () (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)

  • Mesa Mendoza, Margarita

    () (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)

  • Suárez Falcón, Heriberto

    () (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)

  • del Pino Pérez Castellano, María

    () (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)

Abstract

En el presente trabajo se investiga la eficiencia técnica de las empresas de transporte urbano colectivo en España durante el periodo 2010-2013. El estudio se realiza sobre 53 empresas que prestan su servicio en las principales ciudades españolas, clasificándolas por Comunidades Autónomas y utilizando una metodología no paramétrica (DEA). Se aplica un modelo orientado a inputs con rendimientos variables a escala. Con los resultados se ha fijado la posición de cada Comunidad Autónoma, evidenciándose que pocas empresas se sitúan en la frontera de eficiencia, así como las holguras existentes en los gastos de personal, aprovisionamientos, amortizaciones y otros gastos de explotación. In this paper the technical efficiency of urban public transport companies in Spain during the period 2010-2013 is being investigated. The study was performed on 53 companies operating in the main Spanish cities. These companies are classified by autonomous regions and their data are processed using a nonparametric methodology (DEA). An input-oriented model with variable returns to scale is applied. With the results the position of each region has been established, showing that few companies are at the efficiency frontier and existing gaps in staff costs, supplies, depreciation and other operating expenses.

Suggested Citation

  • Balboa La Chica, Pedro M. & Mesa Mendoza, Margarita & Suárez Falcón, Heriberto & del Pino Pérez Castellano, María, 2016. "Un análisis regional de la eficiencia técnica de las empresas de transporte urbano colectivo en España," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 35, pages 129-148.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0320
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    Keywords

    empresas de transporte urbano; eficiencia; costes; finanzas;

    JEL classification:

    • L91 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Transportation: General
    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning

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