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Panorama de las buenas prácticas y políticas adoptadas en la Unión Europea frente al envejecimiento

Author

Listed:
  • Rodríguez Álvarez, Vanesa

    (Promebi, Universidad de Oviedo)

  • Rubiera Morollón , Fernando

    (REGIOlab, Universidad de Oviedo)

Abstract

El envejecimiento de la población europea alcanza niveles alarmantes y continuará creciendo en las próximas décadas. Además, se observa una concentración espacial de la población mayor de sesenta y cinco años. Por ello se ha despertado la necesidad de articular estrategias, políticas y buenas prácticas destinadas, bien a reducir el ritmo de envejecimiento de ciertas zonas, atrayendo población joven, o bien a adaptar los entornos urbanos y rurales a su realidad demográfica y mejorar la calidad de vida de la población envejecida. Este trabajo propone una revisión panorámica de las experiencias más interesantes realizadas en distintos lugares de la Unión Europea. Las experiencias revisadas, pertenecientes en buena medida a regiones avanzadas del norte de Europa, se han estructurado en cuatro bloques: i) ciudades e infraestructuras para una población envejecida; ii) políticas y buenas prácticas dirigidas a personas de avanzada edad y adaptación al envejecimiento; iii) políticas para la atracción de familias jóvenes, y iv) políticas de dinamización económica. Abstract: The aging population in Europe is reaching alarming ratios and is going to continue growing during the next decades. Furthermore, if we pay attention to the aging spatial distribution we observe a concentration of the older population in the peripheral regions. In this context, the development of strategies, policies and good practices becomes necessary in order to reduce the rate of aging of certain places, attracting young population, or adapting the urban or rural environments to the aging improving in this way, the quality of life of old population. This work proposes a panoramic revision of the most important experiences carried out with that objective in several places in the EU, mainly in northern regions of Europe. The reviewed experiences are organized in four groups: i) cities and infrastructures for the older population; ii) policies and good practices to adapt places to old population; iii) policies to attract young population and iv) policies to make more economically dynamic some aged places.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodríguez Álvarez, Vanesa & Rubiera Morollón , Fernando, 2016. "Panorama de las buenas prácticas y políticas adoptadas en la Unión Europea frente al envejecimiento," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 34, pages 139-171.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0313
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    Keywords

    envejecimiento; demografía; políticas de desarrollo regional; políticas demográficas; Unión Europea;

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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