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Una modificación al método varimax para delimitar Regiones Urbanas Funcionales usando la vecindad espacial


  • Abalos Choque, Melisa


  • Paredes Araya, Dusan



La interacción social y económica entre pequeñas unidades espaciales es un fenómeno que indudablemente cobra mayor persistencia a través del tiempo. Esto implica que los mercados laborales se expanden a través del espacio principalmente por la continua reducción de los costos de transporte. Así, la mayor interacción entre unidades espaciales sugiere la potencial existencia de macro mercados laborales que son etiquetadas como regiones funcionales. Construir regiones funcionales para el caso de Chile es un reto debido al rol que juega la localización de los recursos naturales produciendo de esta manera la conmutación a larga distancia. Este documento contribuye con la construcción de Regiones Urbanas Funcionales (RUF) para el caso de Chile utilizando el método Intramax. También proponemos una alternativa para incorporar los efectos de la conmutación de larga distancia. Nuestros resultados indican que las RUF construidas a partir del algoritmo Intramax incorporando criterios para tratar la conmutación a larga distancia presentan mayores beneficios. Social and economic interaction among small spatial units is a phenomenon that has undoubtedly become more and more persistent in time. This implies that labor markets expand through space mainly due to the continuous decrease of transport costs. Thus, greater interaction among spatial units suggests the potential existence of macro labor markets labeled as functional regions. Building functional regions for Chile is a challenge owing to the role played by the localization of natural resources, thus resulting in long-distance commutation. This document contributes to the construction of Functional Urban Regions (FUR) using Intramax method for the case of Chile. In addition, an alternative is proposed to include the effects of long-distance commutation. Results show that FURs built from Intramax algorithm that incorporate process long-distance commutation criteria show greater benefits.

Suggested Citation

  • Abalos Choque, Melisa & Paredes Araya, Dusan, 2014. "Una modificación al método varimax para delimitar Regiones Urbanas Funcionales usando la vecindad espacial," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 30, pages 103-126.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0275

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wu, Belinda M. & Hine, Julian P., 2003. "A PTAL approach to measuring changes in bus service accessibility," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 307-320, October.
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    More about this item


    Interacción; Conmutación a larga distancia; Regiones Funcionales;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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