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La distribución del desempleo en las provincias españolas: Un análisis con datos de panel mediante el filtrado espacial

Author

Listed:
  • Buendía Azorín , José Daniel

    () (Universidad de Murcia)

  • Sánchez de la Vega, María del Mar

    () (Universidad de Murcia)

Abstract

La distribución geográfica de las tasas de desempleo ha sido objeto de análisis desde diferentes perspectivas metodológicas en estudios teóricos y empíricos. En los últimos años se ha intensificado la línea investigadora que estudia la persistencia del desempleo regional desde la óptica de la heterogeneidad espacial o la autocorrelación espacial en los niveles y la dinámica del desempleo. Este trabajo sigue esta línea metodológica y presenta nueva evidencia acerca del comportamiento de las tasas de paro provinciales en España. En primer lugar, se utilizan técnicas descriptivas para investigar la disparidad y persistencia de las diferencias de las tasas de paro en las provincias españolas (NUTS-3) durante el periodo 1998-2007. En segundo lugar, mediante técnicas de filtrado espacial en un marco de panel, se comprueba la existencia de patrones espaciales que son significativos en el tiempo. Los resultados obtenidos muestran de forma clara la existencia de un proceso de polarización y la persistencia en las desigualdades de las tasas de desempleo entre las provincias con altas tasas de desempleo y aquéllas con valores bajos.

Suggested Citation

  • Buendía Azorín , José Daniel & Sánchez de la Vega, María del Mar, 2013. "La distribución del desempleo en las provincias españolas: Un análisis con datos de panel mediante el filtrado espacial," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 27, pages 143-154.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0248
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Filtrado espacial; desempleo; datos de panel;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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