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Revisiting the Factors behind European External Imbalances


  • A. Carrasco, Carlos

    () (Universidad de Monterrey (UDEM))

  • Hernandez-del-Valle, Adrian

    () (Instituto Polit├ęcnico Nacional (SEPI-ESE-IPN))


In this paper, we develop four hypotheses for the origins of European imbalances in the context of the European economic integration process. To test the validity of our hypotheses for Germany and Spain, we implement an Autoregressive Distributed Lag bounds testing approach. According to our results, in the German case, economic and financial integration and non-price competitiveness have played a key role in the evolution of the external balance, whilst for Spain, the external balance is related to catching-up. In addition, there is no evidence of a long-run relationship between public finance and external imbalances. We derive important policy implications. On the one hand, deficit countries should ensure that the capital inflows from abroad are allocated to industries with high-added value. On the other hand, surplus countries require the implementation of an expansive economic policy, to lessen the burden of deficit countries when trying to address external imbalances.

Suggested Citation

  • A. Carrasco, Carlos & Hernandez-del-Valle, Adrian, 2017. "Revisiting the Factors behind European External Imbalances," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 32(2), pages 324-357.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0714

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    Cited by:

    1. Carlos A. CARRASCO & Edgar D. TOVAR-GARCIA, 2020. "Export Composition and the Eurozone Trade Balance in Manufacturing Goods," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(1), pages 134-150, March.

    More about this item


    European External Imbalances; Current Account; Economic Integration; Catching-up; Competitiveness;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration


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