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Competitiveness and the External Trade of Greece in the 1990s: A Cross-Sectoral Investigation

Author

Listed:
  • G. ARGHYROU, MICHAEL

    () (Brunel University)

  • BAZINA, EVELYN

    (Brunel University)

Abstract

The paper examines Greek external trade following accession to the EU, placing emphasis on the 1990s. Using original disaggregated data we find: (i) Mutually offsetting, stable trade creation/trade diversion in imports from EU and third countries respectively. (ii) No EU effect on exports. These experienced a negative structural shift in the 1990s. (iii) Competitiveness losses, more pronounced in the 1990s, especially in sectors where Greece holds a comparative advantage (i.e. trade surplus). The widening of Greek trade deficit is mainly due to stagnating exports, which we attribute to unfavourable external conditions and the strongdrachma policy. Overall, our findings indicate that real convergence has not kept at pace with nominal.

Suggested Citation

  • G. Arghyrou, Michael & Bazina, Evelyn, 2003. "Competitiveness and the External Trade of Greece in the 1990s: A Cross-Sectoral Investigation," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 18, pages 763-793.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0259
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Minoas Koukouritakis, 2004. "EU Accesssion effects on Trade Flows: The Case of Greece," South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics, Association of Economic Universities of South and Eastern Europe and the Black Sea Region, vol. 2(2), pages 61-79.
    2. Michael Arghyrou, 2009. "Monetary policy before and after the euro: evidence from Greece," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 621-643, June.
    3. Minoas Koukouritakis, 2006. "EU Accession Effects on Export Prformance: The Case of Greece," South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics, Association of Economic Universities of South and Eastern Europe and the Black Sea Region, vol. 4(2), pages 147-166.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Competitiveness; trade; Greece; EU;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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