Trade, FDI, and International Technology Diffusion
This paper examines international trade and foreign direct investment as channels for technology diffusion among industrialized countries. We find strong empirical support for capital goods trade as a channel for international technology diffusion and some evidence that multinational enterprises (outward FDI) transmit foreign technology back to the home country. We find no evidence that inward FDI is a significant channel for international technology diffusion among industrialized countries. Our results also show that technology diffuses in disembodied forms, with countries that are farther from the world technology frontier benefiting more.
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