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International Joint Ventures and Endogenous Protection: A Political-Economy Approach


  • Zhao, Laixun

    () (Niigata University)


This paper constructs a model of international joint ventures (JVs) with political-economy considerations as the main motivation. A foreign firm decides whether to undertake full ownership foreign direct investment (FDI), or to form a JV with a home firm, while the home firm lobbies against FDI. It is shown that the level of lobbying is lower in the JV regime than in the FDI regime if the foreign firm transfer sufficiently advanced technology to the home firm through the JV. However, if the foreign firm anticipates future protectionist threats and forms a JV with the home firm beforehand (quid pro quo JV), then the foreign firm’s profit increases and the home firm’s level of lobbying decreas - es.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhao, Laixun, 1997. "International Joint Ventures and Endogenous Protection: A Political-Economy Approach," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 12, pages 548-560.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0062

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    Joint; Ventures;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements


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