IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Determining the correlates of poverty for inclusive growth in Africa


  • Anyanwu, John C.

    (Development Research Department, African Development Bank, Tunisia.)


In spite of the high growth that Africa has experienced in recent years, poverty, inequality and unemployment remain high, indicating lack of inclusion in the development process and its outcomes. But poverty, for example, can be reduced at a faster rate when inclusive growth strategies are applied and when special income distribution policies are undertaken. This study is an attempt to contribute to the design of inclusive growth policies. It examines the correlates of poverty - headcount index of international poverty line at US$1.25 per day - with multivariate models using data on 43 African countries for the period, 1980 to 2011. Our empirical estimates suggest that higher levels of income inequality, primary education alone, mineral rents, inflation, and higher level of population tend to increase poverty in Africa and therefore bad for poverty reduction and inclusive growth in the continent. On the other hand, higher real per capita GDP, net ODA, and secondary education have significant negative effect on poverty in Africa. Trade openness has positive but insignificant effect on poverty in Africa in spite of the huge liberalization efforts of African countries. The inclusive growth measures of these results are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Anyanwu, John C., 2014. "Determining the correlates of poverty for inclusive growth in Africa," European Economic Letters, European Economics Letters Group, vol. 3(1), pages 12-17.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:eueclt:0021

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Poverty; Inclusive Growth; Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:eueclt:0021. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Mike taylor (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.