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Discrimination in International Trade: Extent, Motivation and Implications - La discriminazione nell’ambito del commercio internazionale: estensione, motivi e implicazioni

La discriminazione geografica è una caratteristica diffusa nell’ambito del copimercio internazionale, malgrado il generale riconoscimento dei suoi costi economici e la posizione d.ei GATT contraria alla discriminazione. La proporzione di scambi commerciali relativi alle principali economie di mercato effettuati in base alla clausola della « nazione più favorita » risulta inferiore alla metà del totale. Sono presentati quattro ordini di motivazioni per spiegare tale deviazione generale dal principio di non discriminazione. Nella pratica i casi più rilevanti si verificano là dove le nazioni (o i gruppi di potere all’interno di queste nazioni) coinvolte ottengono benefici nonostante le complessive perdite potenziali di benessere. Si auspica una politica volta ad un rafforzamento della posizione del GATT favorevole a una limitazione di tale comportamento nell’interesse generale.

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Article provided by Camera di Commercio di Genova in its journal Economia Internazionale / International Economics.

Volume (Year): 38 (1985)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 49-65

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Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0567
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