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Discrimination in International Trade: Extent, Motivation and Implications - La discriminazione nell’ambito del commercio internazionale: estensione, motivi e implicazioni

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La discriminazione geografica è una caratteristica diffusa nell’ambito del copimercio internazionale, malgrado il generale riconoscimento dei suoi costi economici e la posizione d.ei GATT contraria alla discriminazione. La proporzione di scambi commerciali relativi alle principali economie di mercato effettuati in base alla clausola della « nazione più favorita » risulta inferiore alla metà del totale. Sono presentati quattro ordini di motivazioni per spiegare tale deviazione generale dal principio di non discriminazione. Nella pratica i casi più rilevanti si verificano là dove le nazioni (o i gruppi di potere all’interno di queste nazioni) coinvolte ottengono benefici nonostante le complessive perdite potenziali di benessere. Si auspica una politica volta ad un rafforzamento della posizione del GATT favorevole a una limitazione di tale comportamento nell’interesse generale.

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  • Pomfret, Richard, 1985. "Discrimination in International Trade: Extent, Motivation and Implications - La discriminazione nell’ambito del commercio internazionale: estensione, motivi e implicazioni," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 38(1), pages 49-65.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0567
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    1. Richard Pomfret, 2007. "Is Regionalism an Increasing Feature of the World Economy?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(6), pages 923-947, June.

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